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Comparing China and India: Is the dividend of economic reforms polarized?


  • Sudip Ranjan Basu


The paper compares the economic performance of China and India during the period of their ongoing reform policies. It develops a new measure of development, namely, a development quality index (DQI), to compare performance of China and India. The results show that national-level development quality grew three times faster in China than in India. Conversely, the health quality index grew three times as fast in India than China over the period 1980-2004, narrowing the gap in outcomes. The overall regional development quality level improved in both countries, but polarization widened in China. The direction of overall inter-regional polarization in China indicates a rising concentration of development gains from economic reform policies. The inter-regional economic polarization in recent years is more pronounced in India.

Suggested Citation

  • Sudip Ranjan Basu, 2009. "Comparing China and India: Is the dividend of economic reforms polarized?," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 6(1), pages 57-99, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:liu:liucej:v:6:y:2009:i:1:p:57-99

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    Cited by:

    1. haq wani, Nassir ul & dhami, Jasdeep kaur, 2016. "India's merchandise trade with China: growth, prospects and future potential?," MPRA Paper 70638, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Mar 2016.
    2. Heshmati, Almas & Kumbhakar, Subal C., 2010. "Technical Change and Total Factor Productivity Growth: The Case of Chinese Provinces," IZA Discussion Papers 4784, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Almas Heshmati & Subal C. Kumbhakar, 2014. "A general model of technical change with an application to the OECD countries," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 25-48, January.
    4. Enrico Marelli & Marcello Signorelli, 2011. "China and India: Openness, Trade and Effects on Economic Growth," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 8(1), pages 129-154, June.

    More about this item


    Development; Inequality; Polarization; China; India;

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure


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