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Abnormal real operations, real earnings management, and subsequent crashes in stock prices

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  • Bill Francis

    ()

  • Iftekhar Hasan

    ()

  • Lingxiang Li

    ()

Abstract

We study the impact of firms’ abnormal business operations on their future crash risk in stock prices. Computed based on real earnings management (REM) models, firms’ deviation in real operations (DROs) from industry norms is shown to be positively associated with their future crash risk. This association is incremental to that between discretionary accruals (DAs) and crash risk found by prior studies. Moreover, after Sarbanes–Oxley Act (SOX) of 2002, DRO’s predictive power for crash risk strengthens substantially, while DA’s predictive power essentially dissipates. These results are consistent with the prior finding that managers shift from accrual earnings management to REM after SOX. We further develop a suspect-firm approach to capture firms’ use of DRO for REM purposes. This analysis shows that REM-firms experience a significant increase in crash risk in the following year. These findings suggest that the impact of DRO on crash risk is at least partially through REM. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Suggested Citation

  • Bill Francis & Iftekhar Hasan & Lingxiang Li, 2016. "Abnormal real operations, real earnings management, and subsequent crashes in stock prices," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 217-260, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:rqfnac:v:46:y:2016:i:2:p:217-260
    DOI: 10.1007/s11156-014-0468-y
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    Cited by:

    1. Habib, Ahsan & Hasan, Mostafa Monzur, 2017. "Business strategy, overvalued equities, and stock price crash risk," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 389-405.
    2. repec:eee:advacc:v:34:y:2016:i:c:p:117-132 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:5:p:1675-:d:148274 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crash risk; Deviation in real operations; Earnings management; Real earnings management; Sarbanes–Oxley; D89; G19; M10; M41;

    JEL classification:

    • D89 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Other
    • G19 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Other
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting

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