The Changing Relationship Between CAMEL Ratings and Bank Soundness during the Indonesian Banking Crisis
During the recent Southeast Asian financial crisis, numerous banks failed quickly and unexpectedly. This study uses a unique data set provided by Bank Indonesia to examine the changing financial soundness of Indonesian banks during this crisis. Bank Indonesia's non-public CAMEL ratings data allow the use of a continuous bank soundness measure rather than ordinal measures. In addition, panel data regression procedures that allow for the identification of the appropriate statistical model are used. We argue the nature of the risks facing the Indonesian banking community calls for the addition of a systemic risk component to the Indonesian ranking system. The empirical results show that during Indonesia's stable economic periods, four of the five traditional CAMEL components provide insights into the financial soundness of Indonesian banks. However, during Indonesia's crisis period, the relationships between financial characteristics and CAMEL ratings deteriorate and only one of the traditional CAMEL components--earnings--objectively discriminates among the ratings. The panel data results indicate systemic economy-wide forces must be explicitly considered by the rating system. Copyright 2002 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
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Volume (Year): 19 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 (November)
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