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The determinants of off-budget activity of state and local governments

  • Michael Marlow
  • David Joulfaian

The primary finding of this paper is that the off-budget activity of the public sector is significantly and positively related to on-budget activity by state and local governments. We suggest the following policy implications. One, there appears to be evidence that the composition of total government activity is related to the relative costs of the alternative avenues of providing governmental activity. Future research into determining the nature of the relative cost differences may be one useful means of understanding both the composition of government activity as well as its total size. Two, our ability to measure the “true” size of public sector participation in the economy must go well beyond our attempt here. While we have presented information on one of the important “hidden” elements of public sector participation, we are still a long way from effectively incorporating similar data on legislation, regulations and so forth into our empirical tests. Further research into these issues is clearly warranted. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/BF00153395
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Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

Volume (Year): 63 (1989)
Issue (Month): 2 (November)
Pages: 113-123

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Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:63:y:1989:i:2:p:113-123
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  1. Dale Bails, 1982. "A critique on the effectiveness of tax-expenditure limitations," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 129-138, January.
  2. Erich Weede, 1984. "Democracy, creeping socialism, and ideological socialism in rent-seeking societies," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 349-366, January.
  3. Winer, Stanley L, 1983. "Some Evidence on the Effect of the Separation of Spending and Taxing Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(1), pages 126-40, February.
  4. Robert Stein & Keith Hamm & Patricia Freeman, 1983. "An analysis of support for tax limitation referenda," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 187-194, January.
  5. W. Crain & Robert Tollison & Brian Goff & Diek Carlson, 1985. "Legislator specialization and the size of government," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 311-315, January.
  6. Charles H. Breeden & William J. Hunter, 1985. "Tax Revenue and Tax Structure," Public Finance Review, , vol. 13(2), pages 216-224, April.
  7. James Bennett & Thomas Dilorenzo, 1982. "Off-budget activities of local government: The bane of the tax revolt," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 333-342, January.
  8. Allan Meltzer & Scott Richard, 1983. "Tests of a rational theory of the size of government," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 403-418, January.
  9. Michael Marlow & Neela Manage, 1987. "Expenditures and receipts: Testing for causality in state and local government finances," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 53(3), pages 243-255, January.
  10. Logan, Robert R, 1986. "Fiscal Illusion and the Grantor Government," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(6), pages 1304-18, December.
  11. Feenberg, Daniel R. & Rosen, Harvey S., 1987. "Tax structure and public sector growth," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 185-201, March.
  12. Pommerehne, Werner W & Schneider, Friedrich, 1978. "Fiscal Illusion, Political Institutions, and Local Public Spending," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(3), pages 381-408.
  13. Michael Marlow, 1986. "Private sector shrinkage and the growth of industrialized economies," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 143-154, January.
  14. Michael Bordo & Daniel Landau, 1987. "The growth of government: A protection explanation," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 167-174, January.
  15. Walter Misiolek & Harold Elder, 1988. "Tax structure and the size of government: An empirical analysis of the fiscal illusion and fiscal stress arguments," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 57(3), pages 233-245, June.
  16. Mark Toma & Eugenia Toma, 1980. "Bureaucratic responses to tax limitation amendments," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 333-348, January.
  17. Michael Marlow & William Orzechowski, 1988. "Controlling leviathan through tax reduction," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 58(3), pages 237-245, September.
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