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The institutional foundation of innovativeness and competitiveness of two German industries: biotechnology and mechanical engineering compared


  • Robert Kaiser

    () (University of Siegen)


Abstract The article analyzes the institutional foundation of the innovativeness and competitiveness of two German industrial sectors, mechanical engineering and biotechnology. It applies a systemic innovation approach to identify what changes at the national and regional levels can explain why mechanical engineering has kept a competitive advantage for many decades while we can observe a dynamic catching-up process in biotechnology. Both sectors provide good examples of the reconfigurations that take place in national innovation systems in both territorial and functional terms.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Kaiser, 2016. "The institutional foundation of innovativeness and competitiveness of two German industries: biotechnology and mechanical engineering compared," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 289-307, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:ecopln:v:49:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s10644-015-9177-3
    DOI: 10.1007/s10644-015-9177-3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Malerba, Franco, 2002. "Sectoral systems of innovation and production," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 247-264, February.
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