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Nichtinanspruchnahme von Sozialhilfe, Eine empirische Analyse des Unerwarteten

  • Joachim Wilde


    (Universitaet Halle)

  • Alexander Kubis


    (Universitaet Halle)

Bisherige Studien für Gesamtdeutschland haben ermittelt, dass mehr als die Hälfte der Haushalte, die zum Bezug von Sozialhilfe berechtigt sind, diesen Anspruch nicht geltend machen. Dies widerspricht der Intuition. Das Ziel unserer Studie ist deshalb zum einen, mit Hilfe des Niedrigeinkommens-Panels eine präzisere Simulation der Anspruchsberechtigung und damit der Quote der Nichtinanspruchnahme vorzunehmen als dies bisher möglich war. Zum anderen sollen die Ursachen der Nichtinanspruchnahme in einem multiplen ökonometrischen Modell untersucht werden. Wir zeigen, dass die bisherigen Messfehler nur einen kleinen Teil der ermittelten Quoten erklären. Signifikante Ursachen für die verbleibende Quote von rund 43% sind eine geringe Höhe der Ansprüche, die Kosten der Sozialhilfe in Form von Stigmatisierung sowie Erwartungen über eine eher kurzfristige Dauer des finanziellen Engpasses. Außerdem weisen wir erstmalig eine signifikante simultane Beziehung zwischen der Höhe des Erwerbseinkommens und der Neigung zur Inanspruchnahme von Sozialhilfe nach, wobei das Vorzeichen in beiden Richgungen negativ ist.

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Article provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 225 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
Pages: 347-373

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Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:225:y:2005:i:3:p:347-373
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  1. Rebecca M. Blank & Patricia Ruggles, 1996. "When Do Women Use Aid to Families with Dependent Children and Food Stamps? The Dynamics of Eligibility Versus Participation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(1), pages 57-89.
  2. Riphahn, Regina T., 2000. "Rational Poverty or Poor Rationality? The Take-up of Social Assistance Benefits," IZA Discussion Papers 124, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Hilke Almut Kayser & Joachim R. Frick, 2000. "Take It or Leave It: (Non-) Take-up Behavior of Social Assistance in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 210, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2003. "Beschäftigungspotentiale im Niedriglohnsektor," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(1), pages 11-24.
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