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How Does Residual Income Affect Investment? The Role of Prior Performance Measures

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  • Sudhakar V. Balachandran

    () (Graduate School of Business, Columbia University, Uris Hall #620, 3022 Broadway, New York, New York 10027)

Abstract

This paper examines whether "you get what you pay for" in firms that implement residual income (RI)-based compensation. Specifically, this paper explores differences in investment patterns of firms that implement RI-based compensation plans conditional on whether the firms switched from earnings or return on investment (ROI)-based compensation. I find that the pattern of investment for firms switching to RI from earnings-based compensation is opposite to that of firms switching from ROI-based compensation. Changes in investment within each individual subgroup yield weaker, mixed results. In addition, this paper documents that delivered RI increases in firms that implement RI. My paper contributes to the literature on the investment effects of RI by examining the relevance of a set of arguments that have been made in management accounting textbooks since 1965. These arguments are still found in current textbooks and are commonly taught to students in graduate level managerial accounting classes. The arguments help us to examine a natural experiment in which we can better specify the conditions under which RI use is expected to be associated with changes in investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Sudhakar V. Balachandran, 2006. "How Does Residual Income Affect Investment? The Role of Prior Performance Measures," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(3), pages 383-394, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:52:y:2006:i:3:p:383-394
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1050.0439
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hogan, Chris E. & Lewis, Craig M., 2005. "Long-Run Investment Decisions, Operating Performance, and Shareholder Value Creation of Firms Adopting Compensation Plans Based on Economic Profits," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 40(04), pages 721-745, December.
    2. Wallace, James S., 1997. "Adopting residual income-based compensation plans: Do you get what you pay for?," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 275-300, December.
    3. Larcker, David F., 1983. "The association between performance plan adoption and corporate capital investment," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 3-30, April.
    4. Gerald T. Garvey & Todd T. Milbourn, 2000. "EVA versus Earnings: Does it Matter which is More Highly Correlated with Stock Returns?," Claremont Colleges Working Papers 2000-52, Claremont Colleges.
    5. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    6. Rogerson, William P, 1997. "Intertemporal Cost Allocation and Managerial Investment Incentives: A Theory Explaining the Use of Economic Value Added as a Performance Measure," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(4), pages 770-795, August.
    7. Barth, Mary E. & Beaver, William H. & Landsman, Wayne R., 1998. "Relative valuation roles of equity book value and net income as a function of financial health," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 1-34, February.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Liao, Tung-Shan & Rice, John, 2010. "Innovation investments, market engagement and financial performance: A study among Australian manufacturing SMEs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 117-125, February.
    2. Andrzej Cwynar, 2009. "Three Versions of EVA®: the Compability with the Final Aim of the Enterprise’s Actions and Control and Simplicity," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 23.
    3. repec:spr:jmgtco:v:28:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s00187-018-0258-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Michal Matv{e}jka & Kenneth A. Merchant & Wim A. Van der Stede, 2009. "Employment Horizon and the Choice of Performance Measures: Empirical Evidence from Annual Bonus Plans of Loss-Making Entities," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 55(6), pages 890-905, June.
    5. Kai Henning Blume, 2016. "Value-based management as a tailor-made management practice? A literature review," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 20(3), pages 553-590, September.
    6. repec:eee:ijrema:v:34:y:2017:i:3:p:604-621 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Wolfgang Schultze & Andreas Weiler, 2010. "Goodwill accounting and performance measurement," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(9), pages 768-784, August.

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