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Effects of Federal Support on Company-Financed R and D: The Case of Energy

Author

Listed:
  • Edwin Mansfield

    (Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104)

  • Lorne Switzer

    (School of Business, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada)

Abstract

For decades, policy makers in both the public and private sectors have been concerned with the question: What is the impact of changes in federal R and D support on company-financed R and D expenditures? This is one of the first empirical studies at a micro level of this topic. The results, which pertain to energy R and D, indicate a complementarity between government-financed and company-financed R and D, on the average, although there is a considerable amount of interfirm variation in this regard. In about one-third of the projects studied, federally-financed R and D projects suggested some further R and D into which the firm invested its own funds. The results of a logit analysis suggest that whether or not a government-financed R and D project results in such a spinoff depends on the extent to which the performing firm contributes to the formulation of the project's goals and strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Edwin Mansfield & Lorne Switzer, 1984. "Effects of Federal Support on Company-Financed R and D: The Case of Energy," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(5), pages 562-571, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:30:y:1984:i:5:p:562-571
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.30.5.562
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cantos, José Mª & Balsalobre Lorente, Daniel, 2013. "Incidencia del gasto público en I+D+i energético sobre la corrección medioambiental en España/Impact of Public R&D in Energy on Environmental Correction in Spain," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 31, pages 93-126, Enero.
    2. José Ángel Zúñiga-Vicente & César Alonso-Borrego & Francisco J. Forcadell & José I. Galán, 2014. "Assessing The Effect Of Public Subsidies On Firm R&D Investment: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(1), pages 36-67, February.
    3. David, Paul A. & Hall, Bronwyn H. & Toole, Andrew A., 2000. "Is public R&D a complement or substitute for private R&D? A review of the econometric evidence," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 497-529, April.
    4. Rexhäuser, Sascha & Löschel, Andreas, 2015. "Invention in energy technologies: Comparing energy efficiency and renewable energy inventions at the firm level," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 206-217.
    5. Reisinger, Markus & Ressner, Ludwig & Schmidtke, Richard & Thomes, Tim Paul, 2014. "Crowding-in of complementary contributions to public goods: Firm investment into open source software," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 78-94.
    6. Dooley, J J, 1998. "Unintended consequences: energy R&D in a deregulated energy market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 547-555, June.
    7. Roper, Stephen & Hewitt-Dundas, Nola & Love, James H., 2004. "An ex ante evaluation framework for the regional benefits of publicly supported R&D projects," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 487-509, April.
    8. repec:enr:rpaper:0017 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. GROSSE Olivier & SEVI Benoît, 2005. "Dérégulation et R&D dans le secteur énergétique européen," Cahiers du CREDEN (CREDEN Working Papers) 05.07.59, CREDEN (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Droit de l'Energie), Faculty of Economics, University of Montpellier 1.
    10. Park, Walter G., 1998. "A theoretical model of government research and growth," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 69-85, January.
    11. Paroma Sanyal, 2005. "Peanut Butter Patents Versus the New Economy: Does the Increased Rate of Patenting Signal More Invention or Just Lower Standards?," Industrial Organization 0504013, EconWPA.
    12. Jamasb, T. & Pollitt, M., 2005. "Deregulation and R&D in Network Industries: The Case of the Electricity Industry," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0533, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    13. Jamasb, Tooraj & Pollitt, Michael, 2008. "Liberalisation and R&D in network industries: The case of the electricity industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(6-7), pages 995-1008, July.
    14. Paroma Sanyal, 2005. "Understanding Patents: The Role of R&D Funding Sources and the Patent Office," Industrial Organization 0504012, EconWPA.
    15. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:2:p:825-842 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    research and development; economics;

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