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Optimal Short Term Financing Decision


  • A. A. Robichek

    (Stanford University)

  • D. Teichroew

    (Stanford University)

  • J. M. Jones

    (Stanford University)


The cash requirements of many firms follow a seasonal pattern. These firms may obtain short term cash to cover their seasonal needs from a variety of sources: e.g., lines of credit, delaying of accounts payable, term loans, pledging or factoring receivables, etc. Each of these alternative sources of cash may have different costs as well as special restrictions. Given the set of cash requirements and the costs and constraints relating to alternative sources of cash, it is often difficult to determine the optimum manner of meeting the short-term cash needs. In this paper, this short-term financing problem under certainty is formulated as a mathematical model and solved through the use of a general linear programming routine. Optimum solutions are determined for a number of cases and the general form of the solution is discussed. The paper includes an analysis based on marginal costs and a discussion of the short-term financing problem under uncertainty.

Suggested Citation

  • A. A. Robichek & D. Teichroew & J. M. Jones, 1965. "Optimal Short Term Financing Decision," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 12(1), pages 1-36, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:12:y:1965:i:1:p:1-36

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    Cited by:

    1. Magni, Carlo Alberto, 2009. "Splitting up value: A critical review of residual income theories," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 198(1), pages 1-22, October.
    2. Magni, Carlo Alberto, 2016. "Capital depreciation and the underdetermination of rate of return: A unifying perspective," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 54-79.
    3. Ebenezer Bugri Anarfo, 2015. "Determinants of Capital Structure of Banks: Evidence from Sub-Sahara Africa," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(4), pages 624-640, April.
    4. Correia, Ricardo & Población, Javier, 2015. "A structural model with Explicit Distress," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 112-130.
    5. Jongmoo Jay Choi & Frank J. Fabozzi & Uzi Yaari, 1989. "Optimum Corporate Leverage With Risky Debt: A Demand Approach," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 12(2), pages 129-142, June.
    6. Magni, Carlo Alberto, 2010. "Residual income and value creation: An investigation into the lost-capital paradigm," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 201(2), pages 505-519, March.
    7. Jean-Marie Vergé, 1969. "Un modèle séquentiel de financement optimal à long terme dans l'entreprise," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 20(2), pages 302-336.
    8. Manak C. Gupta, 2016. "An Integrated Model for the Cost-Minimizing Funding of Corporate Activities over Time," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 6, pages 1-18, November.
    9. Keith V. Smith, 1979. "Constituencies, Attributes, And Goals In Financial Research," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 2(1), pages 1-12, March.
    10. John A. Buzacott & Rachel Q. Zhang, 2004. "Inventory Management with Asset-Based Financing," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(9), pages 1274-1292, September.
    11. Guillen, Gonzalo & Badell, Mariana & Puigjaner, Luis, 2007. "A holistic framework for short-term supply chain management integrating production and corporate financial planning," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 106(1), pages 288-306, March.
    12. Roland Pérez, 1971. "Décisions financières et valeur de l'entreprise. Deux approches néo-classiques alternatives," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 22(5), pages 792-811.

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