Growth, Specialization, and Trade Liberalization
This paper examines a two-way interaction between trade liberalization and economic growth. Through increasing returns to specialization, international trade can increase world growth rates. But growth alters patterns of comparative advantage, changing the incentives to levy tariffs in a dynamic tariff game between governments. Two types of equilibria are analyzed. In a tariff war equilibrium, growth rates are low, tariffs are high and rising, and the ratio of exports to income, the trade ratio, is low and falls to zero asymptotically. In a trade liberalization equilibrium, growth rates are high, tariffs are low and falling, and the trade ratio is higher and is increasing over time. Copyright 1997 by Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and the Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association.
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Volume (Year): 38 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
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