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Evolution of local citizen participation schemes in the German wind market

Author

Listed:
  • N. Enzensberger
  • W. Fichtner
  • O. Rentz

Abstract

Local citizen participation schemes like the German "Bürgerwindparks" (citizen wind farm) have been an important vehicle to develop the wind energy business to its present state of market maturity. This article discusses ownership as an integrated part of the economic project design for renewable energy projects. Different forms of local citizen participation are differentiated and strategic aspects related to the entrepreneurial decision of involving local citizens are highlighted. Then, the focus will be on a description of different role models for local citizen-financed wind energy projects. The paper also explains the evolution of two new role models: the merger of existing project companies to larger citizen-owned project portfolio companies and the role of closed-end wind funds as a new equity provision approach. Finally, the role of local citizen participation schemes in different market phases is discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • N. Enzensberger & W. Fichtner & O. Rentz, 2003. "Evolution of local citizen participation schemes in the German wind market," International Journal of Global Energy Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 20(2), pages 191-207.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijgeni:v:20:y:2003:i:2:p:191-207
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mignon, Ingrid & Rüdinger, Andreas, 2016. "The impact of systemic factors on the deployment of cooperative projects within renewable electricity production – An international comparison," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 478-488.
    2. repec:eee:enepol:v:123:y:2018:i:c:p:215-229 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Wirth, Steffen, 2014. "Communities matter: Institutional preconditions for community renewable energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 236-246.
    4. Yildiz, Özgür, 2014. "Financing renewable energy infrastructures via financial citizen participation – The case of Germany," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 677-685.
    5. repec:eee:enepol:v:125:y:2019:i:c:p:20-32 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Jolivet, Eric & Heiskanen, Eva, 2010. "Blowing against the wind--An exploratory application of actor network theory to the analysis of local controversies and participation processes in wind energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6746-6754, November.

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