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Gender Inequality in Education in sub-Saharan Africa


  • Victor Ombati

    () (Department of Psychology and Sociology, Eldoret)

  • Ombati Mokua

    (Department of Psychology and Sociology, Eldoret)


This paper examines the issue of gender inequality in education in sub-Saharan Africa. It argues that in sub-Saharan African countries, the provision of education for boys and girls is uneven, and biased through gender, location, class and region- resulting to high illiteracy rates for girls and women. The paper concludes that political instability and violence, poverty and economical challenges, negative cultural values, female genital mutilation, early marriage, and sexual harassment are some of the leading contributors to gender inequality in education. Other factors that exacerbate gender inequality are lack of gender responsiveness among the teachers, ineffective teaching, and lack of learning materials, poor learning environment, and impact of HIV/AIDS. The paper contends that gender inequality in education holds back the growth of individuals, the development of countries and the evolution of societies to the disadvantage of both men and women if not addressed-should be at the beginning. Strategies and interventions that have the potential to eliminate gender disparities in education in developing countries are discussed in this paper.

Suggested Citation

  • Victor Ombati & Ombati Mokua, 2012. "Gender Inequality in Education in sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education, Institute of Economic Sciences, issue 3-4, pages 114-136.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibg:jwejou:y:2012:i:3-4:p:114-136

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    Cited by:

    1. UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa, "undated". "Inequality, Gender and Human Development in Africa," UNDP Africa Policy Notes 2017-12, United Nations Development Programme, Regional Bureau for Africa.

    More about this item


    Gender inequality; education; Sahara; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy


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