IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

An Incentive-Based Solution of Sustainable Mobility for Economic Growth and CO 2 Emissions Reduction


  • Manuel Herrador

    (Department of Computer Science, University of Jaen, Paraje las Lagunillas, Jaen 23009, Spain)

  • Alexandre Carvalho

    (INESC Porto (USIC), INESC TEC—Campus da FEUP—Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal)

  • Francisco R. Feito

    (Department of Computer Science, University of Jaen, Paraje las Lagunillas, Jaen 23009, Spain)


“Incentivized Sustainable Mobility” is a conceptual business model which involves four stakeholders: citizens, municipalities, commerce and mobility services. A platform named “ISUMO” (Incentivized Sustainable Mobility) provides technological support to this business model, integrating a set of metaservices that unifies the existing ICTs of transportation plus a unique patented QR-based (Quick Response) low-cost charging device for electric vehicles. Essentially, the system tracks and registers citizens’ transportation activities (anonymously and voluntarily) and evaluates each through a scoring system while their ecological footprint is calculated. Afterwards, citizens are able to exchange their accumulated points for discount QR coupons, to be redeemed in the associated commerce in order to purchase their products or services. The breakthrough of this business model is that it enhances awareness of sustainable mobility practices, increasing their attractiveness as perceived by the stakeholders with diverse benefits; citizens (and indirectly, the municipalities) initiate a new consumption pattern of “coupons culture” linked to sustainable mobility, the urban economy is stimulated, and the use of mobility services grows, providing a new business opportunity regarding electric vehicles. It is expected that continuous exploration of the model and implementation will contribute to sustainable social and economic development aiming at CO 2 emissions reduction, headline targets of the Europe 2020 strategy.

Suggested Citation

  • Manuel Herrador & Alexandre Carvalho & Francisco R. Feito, 2015. "An Incentive-Based Solution of Sustainable Mobility for Economic Growth and CO 2 Emissions Reduction," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 7(5), pages 1-30, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:5:p:6119-6148:d:49792

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Maarten Messagie & Kenneth Lebeau & Thierry Coosemans & Cathy Macharis & Joeri Van Mierlo, 2013. "Environmental and Financial Evaluation of Passenger Vehicle Technologies in Belgium," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 5(12), pages 1-14, November.
    2. Qinliang Tan & Minnan Wang & Yanming Deng & Haiping Yang & Rao Rao & Xingping Zhang, 2014. "The Cultivation of Electric Vehicles Market in China: Dilemma and Solution," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 6(8), pages 1-19, August.
    3. Nuri Cihat Onat & Murat Kucukvar & Omer Tatari, 2014. "Towards Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment of Alternative Passenger Vehicles," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 6(12), pages 1-38, December.
    4. Lopes, Mafalda Mendes & Moura, Filipe & Martinez, Luis M., 2014. "A rule-based approach for determining the plausible universe of electric vehicle buyers in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 22-36.
    5. Jian Wang & Libing Chi & Xiaowei Hu & Hongfei Zhou, 2014. "Urban Traffic Congestion Pricing Model with the Consideration of Carbon Emissions Cost," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 6(2), pages 1-16, February.
    6. Yu Liu & Hongwei Xiao & Precious Zikhali & Yingkang Lv, 2014. "Carbon Emissions in China: A Spatial Econometric Analysis at the Regional Level," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 6(9), pages 1-19, September.
    7. Changjian Wang & Fei Wang & Hongou Zhang & Yuyao Ye & Qitao Wu & Yongxian Su, 2014. "Carbon Emissions Decomposition and Environmental Mitigation Policy Recommendations for Sustainable Development in Shandong Province," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 6(11), pages 1-16, November.
    8. Harris, Irina & Wang, Yingli & Wang, Haiyang, 2015. "ICT in multimodal transport and technological trends: Unleashing potential for the future," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 88-103.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Guerrieri, M. & La Gennusa, M. & Peri, G. & Rizzo, G. & Scaccianoce, G., 2019. "University campuses as small-scale models of cities: Quantitative assessment of a low carbon transition path," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1-1.
    2. Ilenia Spadaro & Francesca Pirlone, 2021. "Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan and Health Security," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(8), pages 1-20, April.
    3. Suprava Chakraborty & Nallapaneni Manoj Kumar & Arunkumar Jayakumar & Santanu Kumar Dash & Devaraj Elangovan, 2021. "Selected Aspects of Sustainable Mobility Reveals Implementable Approaches and Conceivable Actions," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(22), pages 1, November.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Ye Yang & Zhongfu Tan, 2019. "Investigating the Influence of Consumer Behavior and Governmental Policy on the Diffusion of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(24), pages 1-20, December.
    2. Lai, Xiaodong & Liu, Jixian & Shi, Qian & Georgiev, Georgi & Wu, Guangdong, 2017. "Driving forces for low carbon technology innovation in the building industry: A critical review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 299-315.
    3. Marco Guerrieri & Ferdinando Corriere & Gianfranco Rizzo & Barbara Lo Casto & Gianluca Scaccianoce, 2015. "Improving the Sustainability of Transportation: Environmental and Functional Benefits of Right Turn By-Pass Lanes at Roundabouts," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 7(5), pages 1-19, May.
    4. Xianzi Yang & Chen Zhang & Yu Yang & Wenjun Wang & Zulfiqar Ali Wagan, 2022. "A new risk measurement method for China's carbon market," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 1280-1290, January.
    5. Ivan K. W. Lai & Yide Liu & Xinbo Sun & Hao Zhang & Weiwei Xu, 2015. "Factors Influencing the Behavioural Intention towards Full Electric Vehicles: An Empirical Study in Macau," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 7(9), pages 1-22, September.
    6. Kucukvar, Murat & Haider, Muhammad Ali & Onat, Nuri Cihat, 2017. "Exploring the material footprints of national electricity production scenarios until 2050: The case for Turkey and UK," Resources, Conservation & Recycling, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 251-263.
    7. Sören Wallbach & Katrin Coleman & Ralf Elbert & Alexander Benlian, 2019. "Multi-sided platform diffusion in competitive B2B networks: inhibiting factors and their impact on network effects," Electronic Markets, Springer;IIM University of St. Gallen, vol. 29(4), pages 693-710, December.
    8. Larson, Paul D. & Viáfara, Jairo & Parsons, Robert V. & Elias, Arne, 2014. "Consumer attitudes about electric cars: Pricing analysis and policy implications," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 299-314.
    9. Yongrok Choi & Ning Zhang, 2015. "Introduction to the Special Issue on “the Sustainable Asia Conference 2014”," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 7(2), pages 1-8, February.
    10. Faria, Marta V. & Baptista, Patrícia C. & Farias, Tiago L., 2014. "Electric vehicle parking in European and American context: Economic, energy and environmental analysis," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 110-121.
    11. Xianzi Yang & Chen Zhang & Yu Yang & Yaqi Wu & Po Yun & Zulfiqar Ali Wagan, 2020. "China’s Carbon Pricing Based on Heterogeneous Tail Distribution," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(7), pages 1-16, April.
    12. Paul Wolfram & Stephanie Weber & Kenneth Gillingham & Edgar G. Hertwich, 2021. "Pricing indirect emissions accelerates low—carbon transition of US light vehicle sector," Nature Communications, Nature, vol. 12(1), pages 1-8, December.
    13. Xinxuan Cheng & Longfei Fan & Jiachen Wang, 2018. "Can Energy Structure Optimization, Industrial Structure Changes, Technological Improvements, and Central and Local Governance Effectively Reduce Atmospheric Pollution in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Area," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(3), pages 1-16, February.
    14. Ray Qing Cao & Dara G. Schniederjans & Vicky Ching Gu, 2021. "Stakeholder sentiment in service supply chains: big data meets agenda-setting theory," Service Business, Springer;Pan-Pacific Business Association, vol. 15(1), pages 151-175, March.
    15. Onat, Nuri Cihat & Kucukvar, Murat & Tatari, Omer, 2015. "Conventional, hybrid, plug-in hybrid or electric vehicles? State-based comparative carbon and energy footprint analysis in the United States," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 36-49.
    16. Domenico Raucci & Dominique Lepore, 2020. "A Simplified Activity-Based Costing Approach for SMEs: The Case Study of an Italian Small Road Company," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 198-214.
    17. Jian Peng & An Wang & Yanxu Liu & Weidong Liu, 2015. "Assessing the Atmospheric Oxygen Balance in a Region of Rapid Urbanization: A Case Study in the Pearl River Delta, China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 7(10), pages 1-18, September.
    18. Qingsong Wang & Ping Liu & Xueliang Yuan & Xingxing Cheng & Rujian Ma & Ruimin Mu & Jian Zuo, 2015. "Structural Evolution of Household Energy Consumption: A China Study," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 7(4), pages 1-14, April.
    19. Saiful Hasan & Terje Andreas Mathisen, 2020. "Policy measures for electric vehicle adoption. A review of evidence from Norway and China," ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 0(1), pages 25-46.
    20. Xinlin Zhang & Yuan Zhao & Qi Sun & Changjian Wang, 2017. "Decomposition and Attribution Analysis of Industrial Carbon Intensity Changes in Xinjiang, China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 9(3), pages 1-16, March.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:5:p:6119-6148:d:49792. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: MDPI Indexing Manager (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.