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New Futures for Older Ports: Synergistic Development in a Global Urban System

Author

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  • Joe Ravetz

    () (Centre for Urban Resilience and Energy, School of Environment, Education & Development, Manchester University, Oxford Rd, M13 9PL, UK)

Abstract

Port cities are on the front-line of a changing global urban system. There are problems from restructuring of trade, logistics and ship-building, creating economic dependency, social exclusion and cultural destruction. Meanwhile, there exists new opportunities in heritage tourism, cultural industries and ecological restoration, but these opportunities often have negative impacts. This paper addresses the question of how port cities can steer from negative to positive development paths and outcomes. It sets out a way of working with inter-connected economic, social, political and technological factors—a ‘ synergistic ’ approach to mapping of problems and design of policy responses. Looking at three contrasting examples of port cities—Liverpool, Dubai and Mauritius—we can compare the inter-connected dynamics of growth and decline. Then we can understand the inter-connected factors of successful regeneration and sustainable prosperity, not as linear ‘policy fixes’, but more like synergistic processes of learning, innovation and capacity building. These call for new models for creative innovation in social and community enterprise: cultural heritage both old and new; new social finance and investment; socio-ecological restoration with participative governance, etc . Such pathways and opportunities are now emerging in many different locations; this paper provides methods and tools to understand them and promote them.

Suggested Citation

  • Joe Ravetz, 2013. "New Futures for Older Ports: Synergistic Development in a Global Urban System," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(12), pages 1-19, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:5:y:2013:i:12:p:5100-5118:d:30894
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Anna Grandori, 2006. "Innovation, Uncertainty and Relational Governance," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 127-133.
    2. Parry, Ian W.H., 2012. "Reforming the tax system to promote environmental objectives: An application to Mauritius," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 103-112.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ports and shipping; creative cities; urban heritage; community development; co-evolution; systems mapping and analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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