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Engendering the Evidence Base: A Critical Review of the Conceptual and Empirical Foundations of Gender-Responsive Interventions for Girls’ Delinquency

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  • Patricia K. Kerig

    () (Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA)

  • Sheryl R. Schindler

    () (Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA)

Abstract

A dramatic rise in arrest rates for girls over the past decade has led to an increasing interest in understanding gender differences in the risk factors that are associated with delinquency. Moreover, the call has been made for the implementation of gender-specific or gender-responsive interventions in order to effectively divert girls from an antisocial course. However, questions have been raised about three key assumptions underlying the gender-responsive approach to girls involved in the juvenile justice system: is there unequivocal evidence for gender-specificity in the risk factors that contribute to girls’ delinquency; is there clear evidence that existing non-gender-responsive evidence-based interventions for delinquency are less effective for girls than boys; and is there well-grounded evidence that interventions specifically tailored for girls are differentially effective? This article reviews the available research regarding each of these questions and proposes an agenda for future research into the development of effective interventions for juvenile justice-involved girls.

Suggested Citation

  • Patricia K. Kerig & Sheryl R. Schindler, 2013. "Engendering the Evidence Base: A Critical Review of the Conceptual and Empirical Foundations of Gender-Responsive Interventions for Girls’ Delinquency," Laws, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(3), pages 1-39, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jlawss:v:2:y:2013:i:3:p:244-282:d:28400
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Matthews, Betsy & Hubbard, Dana Jones, 2008. "Moving ahead: Five essential elements for working effectively with girls," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 494-502, November.
    2. Goodkind, Sara & Wallace, John M. & Shook, Jeffrey J. & Bachman, Jerald & O'Malley, Patrick, 2009. "Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976-2005," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 885-895, August.
    3. Holsinger, Alex M. & Latessa, Edward J., 1999. "An empirical evaluation of a sanction continuum: Pathways through the juvenile justice system," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 155-172, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hébert, Sophie T. & Lanctôt, Nadine & Turcotte, Mathilde, 2016. "“I didn't want to be moved there”: Young women remembering their perceived sense of Agency in the Context of placement instability," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 229-237.
    2. Ayotte, Marie-Hélène & Lanctôt, Nadine & Tourigny, Marc, 2015. "Pre-treatment profiles of adolescent girls as predictors of the strength of their working alliances with practitioners in residential care settings," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 61-69.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    delinquency; girls; trauma; adolescents; gender; intervention; evidence-based;

    JEL classification:

    • K0 - Law and Economics - - General
    • K1 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law
    • K2 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law
    • K3 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • F68 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Policy

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