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The oil crises: The reason for Finnish stagflation


  • Markus Sovala

    (University of Helsinki)


In this article Michael Bruno and Jeffrey Sachs' theOrY of stagflation in the 1970's is evaluated with regard to Finland. They argue that a rise in the price of energy and raw materials together with real wage rigidity caused profit rates and demand for labour to fall. Theoretical and empirical arguments concerning the validity of Bruno and Sachs' theory are dealt with. The results of a wage equation study show some negative response in real wages when the price of materials rises.

Suggested Citation

  • Markus Sovala, 1989. "The oil crises: The reason for Finnish stagflation," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 176-189, Autumn.
  • Handle: RePEc:fep:journl:v:2:y:1989:i:2:p:176-189

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Helliwell, John F, 1988. "Comparative Macroeconomics of Stagflation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(1), pages 1-28, March.
    2. Sargan, John Denis & Bhargava, Alok, 1983. "Testing Residuals from Least Squares Regression for Being Generated by the Gaussian Random Walk," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(1), pages 153-174, January.
    3. Gray, Jo Anna, 1976. "Wage indexation: A macroeconomic approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 221-235, April.
    4. Oswald, Andrew J, 1985. " The Economic Theory of Trade Unions: An Introductory Survey," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 160-193.
    5. Engle, Robert F. & Yoo, Byung Sam, 1987. "Forecasting and testing in co-integrated systems," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 143-159, May.
    6. Hall, S G, 1986. "An Application of the Granger & Engle Two-Step Estimation Procedure to United Kingdom Aggregate Wage Data," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 48(3), pages 229-239, August.
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