Marshallian Industrial Districts in Spain
Identification of the boundaries of industrial districts is necessary to perform empirical and quantitative analysis. Maps of industrial districts make it possible not only to analyse particular districts but also to obtain a comprehensive overview of the importance of this phenomenon in a country, its typologies, spatial distribution, and to conduct cross country comparisons. The aim of this study is to produce a map of industrial districts in Spain using the Sforzi-ISTAT (2006) methodology, and to compare it with similar maps for Italy and the United Kingdom. The results confirm the quantitative importance of Marshallian industrial districts in Spain (205 industrial districts, which account for 20% of total jobs and 35% of manufacturing jobs), close to the Italian figures and greater than those for the United Kingdom. The results also make it possible to compare the main similarities and differences between the industrial districts in these countries. Keywords: Marshallian industrial districts, local labour markets, small and medium enterprises, industrial policy
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Volume (Year): 2008/3 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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