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Time Deficits and Poverty: The Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty for Turkey

Listed author(s):
  • Ajit Zacharias

    (Levy Ecoomics Institute, New York, USA.)

  • Thomas Masterson

    (Levy Ecoomics Institute, New York, USA.)

  • Emel Memiş

    (Ankara University)

This study presents a new methodology for a two-dimesional poverty measure for Turkey taking into account necessary consumption as well as the required household production neded to achieve a minium living standard. Official poverty lines in Turkey and other countries ignore the fact that unpaid household production contributes to the fulfillment of material needs and wants that are essential to attaining a minimum standard of living. Standard measurements of poverty assume that all households and individuals have enough time to adequately attend to the needs of household members, yet, some households may not have sufficient time, and they thus experience "time deficits." If a household experiencing a time deficit cannot afford to cover it by buying market substitutes (e.g., hiring a care provider), that household will encounter hardships not reflected in the official poverty measures.

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Article provided by Ekonomik Yaklasim Association in its journal Ekonomik Yaklasim.

Volume (Year): 25 (2014)
Issue (Month): 91 ()
Pages: 1-28

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Handle: RePEc:eyd:eyjrnl:v:25:y:2014:i:91:p:1-28
Note: [Turkish Title] Zaman Açığı ve Yoksulluk: Levy Enstitüsü Zaman ve Tüketim Yoksulluğu Ölçümü [Turkish Abstract] Bu çalışma Türkiye için, gerekli asgari tüketim düzeyi ve gerekli hane içi üretim zamanını hesaba katan iki boyutlu bir yoksulluk ölçüm yöntemi sunar. Resmi yoksulluk sınırı hesaplamalarında, asgari refah düzeyine erişim için gerekli ihtiyaçların karşılanmasında hane içi üretimin katkısı hesaba katılmaz. Yoksulluğun standart ölçüm yöntemleri zımni olarak tüm hanelerin ve fertlerin, hane içinde karşılanan ihtiyaçları yerine getirmek için gerekli zamana sahip olduğunu varsayar. Ancak pekçok nedenle bazı haneler bu ihtiyaçları karşılayabilecek yeterli zamana sahip olmayabilir ve ‘zaman açıklarıyla’ karşı karşıya kalabilirler. Zaman açığı olan ve piyasadan ikame mal ve hizmetleri satın alarak kapatabilecek güce sahip olmayan hanelerin başetmeleri gereken güçlükler resmi ölçümlere yansımamaktadır. [Turkish Keywords] Yoksulluk ölçümü, haneiçi üretim.
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