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EU fondovi i Junckerov program kao poticajni alati investicija i ukupnog gospodarskog razvoja

Author

Listed:
  • Zvonimir Savic

    (Hrvatska gospodarska komora, Rooseveltov trg 2, Zagreb Sektor za financijske institucije, poslovne informacije i ekonomske analize, direktor)

Abstract

Ulaskom u EU Hrvatska je dobila mogucnost korištenja fondova Kohezijske (Regionalne) politike EU-a. U proracunu EU-a u razdoblju 2014. - 2020. godine za Hrvatsku je predviceno oko 8,6 milijardi eura za sufinanciranje razvojnih projekata. Važnost fondova EU-a za poticanje gospodarskog razvoja u Hrvatskoj leži i u cinjenici da je udio sredstava fondova EU-a u financiranju javnih investicija u državama istocne Europe u razdoblju 2010. - 2012. godine bio veci od 50%. Veliki Investicijski plan za Europu (tzv. Junckerov plan) je jedinstveni pothvat Europske komisije što ce biti jedna od najvažnijih uloga u oporavku europskog gospodarstva. Naime, kao posljedica gospodarske i financijske krize razina ulaganja u EU-u znatno je smanjena, oko 15 %, od 2007. godine kada je bila na vrhuncu. Stoga se uspostavlja novi Europski fond za strateške investicije, cija je svrha osigurati vecu sposobnost podnošenja rizika i mobilizirati dodatna ulaganja. Jedno od podrucja djelovanja odnosi se na mobilizaciju dodatnih javnih i privatnih ulaganja u iznosu od najmanje 315 milijardi eura u razdoblju 2015. - 2017. godine. Cilj ovoga rada je, kroz analizu strateških planova razvoja te dosadašnju iskorištenost dostupnih sredstava, pokazati da je korištenje punih potencijala fondova Kohezijske politike EU-a gotovo jedini izvor sredstava nužnih za poticanje gospodarskog oporavka u trenucima gospodarske krize te da Junckerov plan takocer krije prilican potencijal, iako je njegovo funkcioniranje tek u zacecima. U slucaju korištenja punog potencijala Junckerovog investicijskog plana za Hrvatsku bi to znacilo rast BDP-a do 0,9 postotnih bodova godišnje te dodatnih 2-3 postotna boda u slucaju korištenja punog potencijala sredstava fondova Kohezijske politike EU-a.

Suggested Citation

  • Zvonimir Savic, 2015. "EU fondovi i Junckerov program kao poticajni alati investicija i ukupnog gospodarskog razvoja," Ekonomija Economics, Rifin d.o.o., vol. 22(1), pages 53-74.
  • Handle: RePEc:eff:ekoeco:v:22:y:2015:i:1:p:53-74
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU fondovi; Kohezijska politika; Junckerov plan; gospodarski rast; gospodarski razvoj.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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