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Tracking the Quality Premium of Certified Coffee: Evidence from Ethiopia


  • Minten, Bart
  • Dereje, Mekdim
  • Engida, Ermias
  • Tamru, Seneshaw


Certification of Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS) is rapidly increasing in global value chains. While consumers, mostly in developed countries, are willing to pay significant premiums for the certification of such standards, it is not well understood how effectively these incentives are transmitted to producing countries. We study VSS—more in particular Fair Trade and Organic certification—in Ethiopia’s coffee sector, the country’s most important export commodity, using a unique census of transaction data at the export level and large-scale data at the production level. We find that transmission of export quality premiums to coffee producers is limited, with only less than one-third of this premium being passed on, and we find limited evidence of effects due to communal investments. Moreover, as quality premiums are small and average production levels in these settings are low, we estimate that these premiums would only lead to an increased income for coffee farmers of 22 USD per year even with a perfect transmission scenario, and therefore would have little impact on the welfare of the average coffee farmer. Given that the VSS studied are characterized by the highest premiums among VSS schemes, it can be assumed that even lower benefits from other VSS certification schemes trickle down to producers.

Suggested Citation

  • Minten, Bart & Dereje, Mekdim & Engida, Ermias & Tamru, Seneshaw, 2018. "Tracking the Quality Premium of Certified Coffee: Evidence from Ethiopia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 119-132.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:101:y:2018:i:c:p:119-132
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.08.010

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    Cited by:

    1. Tamru, Seneshaw & Minten, Bart, 2018. "Investing in wet mills and washed coffee in Ethiopia: Benefits and constraints," ESSP working papers 121, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Ragasa, Catherine & Lambrecht, Isabel & Kufoalor, Doreen S., 2018. "Limitations of Contract Farming as a Pro-poor Strategy: The Case of Maize Outgrower Schemes in Upper West Ghana," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 30-56.
    3. Macchiavello, Rocco & Miquel-Florensa, Josepa, 2019. "Buyer-Driven Upgrading in GVCs: The Sustainable Quality Program in Colombia," CEPR Discussion Papers 13935, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Helene Naegele, 2019. "Where Does the Fairtrade Money Go? How Much Consumers Pay Extra for Fairtrade Coffee and How This Value Is Split along the Value Chain," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1783, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.


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