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Evaluating the impact of bus network planning changes in Sydney, Australia


  • Mulley, Corinne
  • Ho, Chinh


The paper analyses the impact of the bus reform package implemented in Sydney, Australia from 2005 onwards, focusing on the impact of bus network planning changes. The network planning changes included the concentration of services into corridors, more direct services, and greater network connectivity. Bus supply and patronage data are analysed for the 15 metropolitan bus contract regions in Sydney to test whether network planning changes increased patronage and whether the trade-offs in service planning had greater benefits than losses. Results show that changes in bus boardings are mainly driven by changes in km supplied, and that there are significant differences between the contract regions operated by State Transit Authority and private operators. The network reviews have a significant impact on boardings in several contract regions over and above the additional km supplied. The paper provides input into the policy evaluation surrounding the impact of network planning on supply and demand in the metropolitan area of Sydney.

Suggested Citation

  • Mulley, Corinne & Ho, Chinh, 2013. "Evaluating the impact of bus network planning changes in Sydney, Australia," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 13-25.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:30:y:2013:i:c:p:13-25
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2013.07.003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wu, De-Min, 1973. "Alternative Tests of Independence Between Stochastic Regressors and Disturbances," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(4), pages 733-750, July.
    2. Breusch, T S & Pagan, A R, 1979. "A Simple Test for Heteroscedasticity and Random Coefficient Variation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1287-1294, September.
    3. Moulton, Brent R & Randolph, William C, 1989. "Alternative Tests of the Error Components Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(3), pages 685-693, May.
    4. Baltagi, Badi H. & Li, Qi, 1990. "A Comparison of Variance Components Estimators Using Balanced Versus Unbalanced Data," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(02), pages 283-285, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ho, Chinh & Mulley, Corinne, 2014. "Metrobuses in Sydney: How high capacity and high frequency services are benefiting the Metropolitan fringe," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 339-348.


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