Algorithms for logit-based stochastic user equilibrium assignment
The paper proposes an efficient algorithm for determining the stochastic user equilibrium solution for logit-based loading. The commonly used Method of Successive Averages typically has a very slow convergence rate. The new algorithm described here uses Williams' result [ Williams, (1977) On the formation of travel demand models and economic evaluation measures of user benefit. Environment and Planning 9A(3), 285-344] which enables the expected value of the perceived travel costs Srs to be readily calculated for any flow vector x. This enables the value of the Sheffi and Powell, 1982 objective function [Sheffi, Y. and Powell, W. B. (1982) An algorithm for the equilibrium assignment problem with random link times. Networks 12(2), 191-207], and its gradient in any specified search direction, to be calculated. It is then shown how, at each iteration, an optimal step length along the search direction can be easily estimated, rather than using the pre-set step lengths, thus giving much faster convergence. The basic algorithm uses the standard search direction (towards the auxiliary solution). In addition the performance of two further versions of the algorithm are investigated, both of which use an optimal step length but alternative search directions, based on the Davidon-Fletcher-Powell function minimisation method. The first is an unconstrained and the second a constrained version. Comparisons are made of all three versions of the algorithm, using a number of test networks ranging from a simple three-link network to one with almost 3000 links. It is found that for all but the smallest network the version using the standard search direction gives the fastest rate of convergence. Extensions to allow for multiple user classes and elastic demand are also possible.
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Volume (Year): 32 (1998)
Issue (Month): 8 (November)
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Fisk, Caroline, 1980. "Some developments in equilibrium traffic assignment," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 243-255, September.
- Maher, M. J. & Hughes, P. C., 1997. "A probit-based stochastic user equilibrium assignment model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 341-355, August.
- H C W L Williams, 1977. "On the Formation of Travel Demand Models and Economic Evaluation Measures of User Benefit," Environment and Planning A, SAGE Publishing, vol. 9(3), pages 285-344, March.
- Akamatsu, Takashi, 1996. "Cyclic flows, Markov process and stochastic traffic assignment," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 369-386, October.
- Leurent, Fabien M., 1997. "Curbing the computational difficulty of the logit equilibrium assignment model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 315-326, August.
- Mingyuan Chen & Attahiru Sule Alfa, 1991. "Algorithms for solving fisk's stochastic traffic assignment model," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 405-412, December.
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