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Socio-economic causes and cultural explanations of childhood malnutrition among the Chagga of Tanzania

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  • Howard, Mary

Abstract

This study provides an in-depth analysis of the complexity of factors involved in selective child survival among the Chagga people of Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Carried out during the first of a series of post-independence economic crises, the study analyzes the impact of fluctuations in world economy, ecological stresses, demographic pressures, and class formation in creating conditions of poverty and lessening the ability of many Chagga to provide adequate care for their children. Qualitative and quantitative information are given from a follow-up study of families whose children were placed in a nutrition rehabilitation program during the drought of 1972-1973. Four cases from that study further demonstrate the impact of macroeconomic forces on individuals and provide material for analyzing a complex pattern of cultural beliefs which made up part of the Chagga people's explanations for child malnutrition.

Suggested Citation

  • Howard, Mary, 1994. "Socio-economic causes and cultural explanations of childhood malnutrition among the Chagga of Tanzania," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 239-251, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:38:y:1994:i:2:p:239-251
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    Cited by:

    1. Hampshire, Katherine Rebecca & Panter-Brick, Catherine & Kilpatrick, Kate & Casiday, Rachel E., 2009. "Saving lives, preserving livelihoods: Understanding risk, decision-making and child health in a food crisis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 68(4), pages 758-765, February.
    2. Richey, Lisa Ann, 2004. "From the Policies to the Clinics: The Reproductive Health Paradox in Post-Adjustment Health Care," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 923-940, June.
    3. Geheb, Kim & Kalloch, Sarah & Medard, Modesta & Nyapendi, Anne-Therese & Lwenya, Carolyne & Kyangwa, Mercy, 2008. "Nile perch and the hungry of Lake Victoria: Gender, status and food in an East African fishery," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 85-98, February.
    4. Richards, Esther & Theobald, Sally & George, Asha & Kim, Julia C. & Rudert, Christiane & Jehan, Kate & Tolhurst, Rachel, 2013. "Going beyond the surface: Gendered intra-household bargaining as a social determinant of child health and nutrition in low and middle income countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 24-33.
    5. Te Lintelo, D., 2009. "SΘcuritΘ alimentaire, nutrition et VIH/SIDA dans les pΩcheries africaines: information Θmergente et direction de la recherche: ╔tude documentaire," Working Papers, The WorldFish Center, number 38697, June.

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