Location of temporary depots to facilitate relief operations after an earthquake
The type of humanitarian logistics problem of interest is an earthquake with significant damage, prioritized items for delivery, and an extensive time period over which supplies need to be delivered. The problem of interest is an outgrowth of a recent paper by , where they focused on supplying relief items from a central depot for a prolonged period of time. The drawback of their approach is that long travel distances of vehicles are required between demand points and the central depot. In this paper, we propose the location of temporary depots around the disaster-affected area, along with the required vehicles and resources, to improve logistical efficiency. A two-phase heuristic approach is proposed; it locates temporary depots and allocates covered demand points to an open depot in Phase I, and explores the best logistics performance under the given solution from Phase I in Phase II. Results from computational experiments and an earthquake case study are used to illustrate the benefits of this approach.
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- Lin, Yen-Hung & Batta, Rajan & Rogerson, Peter A. & Blatt, Alan & Flanigan, Marie, 2011. "A logistics model for emergency supply of critical items in the aftermath of a disaster," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 45(4), pages 132-145, December.
- Sheu, Jiuh-Biing, 2007. "An emergency logistics distribution approach for quick response to urgent relief demand in disasters," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(6), pages 687-709, November.
- Yi, Wei & Ozdamar, Linet, 2007. "A dynamic logistics coordination model for evacuation and support in disaster response activities," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 179(3), pages 1177-1193, June.
- Sheu, Jiuh-Biing, 2010. "Dynamic relief-demand management for emergency logistics operations under large-scale disasters," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 1-17, January.
- Rawls, Carmen G. & Turnquist, Mark A., 2010. "Pre-positioning of emergency supplies for disaster response," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 44(4), pages 521-534, May.
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