Trends in the occupations of eminent black entrepreneurs in the United States
This study analyzes the occupations of black Americans who have been nationally recognized for their business achievements. Data from renowned encyclopedic sources of biographical information show that occupational niches that arose because of racial segregation and limited opportunities for blacks to participate in the economic mainstream, such as personal services and undertaking, are no longer important routes into the "black business elite." Yet, these data also suggest that, during the 20th century, entertainment, beauty products, and advertising became major pathways into this elite because of an opportunity structure that promoted blacks' participation in these occupational niches yet restricted it in others, notably, in construction and manufacturing.
Volume (Year): 37 (2008)
Issue (Month): 6 (December)
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