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Potential non-edible oil resources as biodiesel feedstock: An Indian perspective

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  • Kumar, Ashwani
  • Sharma, Satyawati

Abstract

As the world confronts a reported food shortage and rising fuel prices, scientists around the globe are scrambling to develop biofuel feedstocks that would not divert food crops to energy. It is apparent that the demand for biodiesel is expected to increase in near future and although many edible oils might be the cheapest feedstock for biofuel production. But it may not be sustainable source to meet this increasing demand. This justifies the need to use non-edible oil seeds that can be the reliable sustainable feedstock for biofuel production. Furthermore, most of the non-edible seeds bearing trees have the potentials of reclaiming wasteland and does not compete with food crop for limited growing regions. It thus becomes imperative to search for dedicated non-edible feedstocks and their suitability for biodiesel production. This paper attempts to make an assessment of current energy scenario, potential of non-edible oil over edible oils, selected non-edible oil seeds as biodiesel feedstocks, impact of biofuel on environment and future direction. Experimental analysis by different researchers on these non-edible oils showed their great potential as feedstocks for biodiesel production. This paper also reviews the biology, distribution and chemistry of selected non-edible oil seeds plants.

Suggested Citation

  • Kumar, Ashwani & Sharma, Satyawati, 2011. "Potential non-edible oil resources as biodiesel feedstock: An Indian perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 1791-1800, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:4:p:1791-1800
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kumar, Ashwani & Kumar, Kapil & Kaushik, Naresh & Sharma, Satyawati & Mishra, Saroj, 2010. "Renewable energy in India: Current status and future potentials," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(8), pages 2434-2442, October.
    2. Deepak Rajagopal & Steve Sexton & Gal Hochman & David Zilberman, 2009. "Recent Developments in Renewable Technologies: R&D Investment in Advanced Biofuels," Annual Review of Resource Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 1(1), pages 621-644, September.
    3. Haldar, S.K. & Ghosh, B.B. & Nag, A., 2009. "Utilization of unattended Putranjiva roxburghii non-edible oil as fuel in diesel engine," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 343-347.
    4. Conceição, Marta M. & Candeia, Roberlúcia A. & Silva, Fernando C. & Bezerra, Aline F. & Fernandes, Valter Jr. & Souza, Antonio G., 2007. "Thermoanalytical characterization of castor oil biodiesel," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(5), pages 964-975, June.
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