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Numerical benchmarking study of a selection of wave energy converters


  • Babarit, A.
  • Hals, J.
  • Muliawan, M.J.
  • Kurniawan, A.
  • Moan, T.
  • Krokstad, J.


The aim of this study is to estimate the mean annual power absorption of a selection of eight Wave Energy Converters (WECs) with different working principles. Based on these estimates a set of power performance measures that can be related to costs are derived. These are the absorbed energy per characteristic mass [kWh/kg], per characteristic surface area [MWh/m2], and per root mean square of Power Take Off (PTO) force [kWh/N].

Suggested Citation

  • Babarit, A. & Hals, J. & Muliawan, M.J. & Kurniawan, A. & Moan, T. & Krokstad, J., 2012. "Numerical benchmarking study of a selection of wave energy converters," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 44-63.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:renene:v:41:y:2012:i:c:p:44-63
    DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2011.10.002

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Folley, M. & Whittaker, T.J.T., 2009. "Analysis of the nearshore wave energy resource," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1709-1715.
    2. Robert F Mulligan, 2008. "A Simple Model for Estimating Newbuilding Costs," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 10(3), pages 310-321, September.
    3. Henderson, Ross, 2006. "Design, simulation, and testing of a novel hydraulic power take-off system for the Pelamis wave energy converter," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 271-283.
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