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The properties of realized volatility and realized correlation: Evidence from the Indian stock market


  • Gkillas (Gillas), Konstantinos
  • Vortelinos, Dimitrios I.
  • Saha, Shrabani


This paper investigates the properties of realized volatility and correlation series in the Indian stock market by employing daily data converting to monthly frequency of five different stock indices from January 2, 2006 to November 30, 2014. Using non-parametric estimation technique the properties examined include normality, long-memory, asymmetries, jumps, and heterogeneity. The realized volatility is a useful technique which provides a relatively accurate measure of volatility based on the actual variance which is beneficial for asset management in particular for non-speculative funds. The results show that realized volatility and correlation series are not normally distributed, with some evidence of persistence. Asymmetries are also evident in both volatilities and correlations. Both jumps and heterogeneity properties are significant; whereas, the former is more significant than the latter. The findings show that properties of volatilities and correlations in Indian stock market have similarities as that show in the stock markets in developed countries such as the stock market in the United States which is more prevalent for speculative business traders.

Suggested Citation

  • Gkillas (Gillas), Konstantinos & Vortelinos, Dimitrios I. & Saha, Shrabani, 2018. "The properties of realized volatility and realized correlation: Evidence from the Indian stock market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 492(C), pages 343-359.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:492:y:2018:i:c:p:343-359
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2017.10.007

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    Cited by:

    1. Christos Floros & Konstantinos Gkillas & Christoforos Konstantatos & Athanasios Tsagkanos, 2020. "Realized Measures to Explain Volatility Changes over Time," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 13(6), pages 1-19, June.
    2. Lahmiri, Salim & Bekiros, Stelios & Salvi, Antonio, 2018. "Long-range memory, distributional variation and randomness of bitcoin volatility," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 43-48.
    3. Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Aye, Goodness C. & Gupta, Rangan & Gkillas, Konstantinos, 2020. "Gold-oil dependence dynamics and the role of geopolitical risks: Evidence from a Markov-switching time-varying copula model," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    4. Riza Demirer & Konstantinos Gkillas & Christos Kountzakis & Amaryllis Mavragani, 2020. "Risk Appetite and Jumps in Realized Correlation," Mathematics, MDPI, vol. 8(12), pages 1-11, December.
    5. Mori Kogid & Jaratin Lily & Rozilee Asid & James M. Alin & Dullah Mulok, 2022. "Volatility spillover and dynamic co-movement of foreign direct investment between Malaysia and China and developed countries," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 131-148, February.
    6. Gil-Alana, Luis A. & Infante, Juan & Martín-Valmayor, Miguel Angel, 2023. "Persistence and long run co-movements across stock market prices," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 347-357.
    7. Gkillas, Konstantinos & Bouri, Elie & Gupta, Rangan & Roubaud, David, 2022. "Spillovers in Higher-Order Moments of Crude Oil, Gold, and Bitcoin," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 398-406.
    8. Gkillas, Konstantinos & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian & Yoon, Seong-Min, 2021. "OPEC news and jumps in the oil market," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(C).
    9. Elie Bouri & Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta, 2020. "Trade uncertainties and the hedging abilities of Bitcoin," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 49(3), September.
    10. Zhuang, Chunjuan, 2018. "Improving performance of exchange rate momentum strategy using volatility information," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 510(C), pages 741-753.
    11. Konstantinos Gkillas & Christoforos Konstantatos & Costas Siriopoulos, 2021. "Uncertainty Due to Infectious Diseases and Stock–Bond Correlation," Econometrics, MDPI, vol. 9(2), pages 1-18, April.

    More about this item


    Realized volatility; Realized correlation; Statistical properties; Indian stock market;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East


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