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Quanta and entropy generation

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  • Lucia, Umberto

Abstract

Is there a link between the macroscopic description of the irreversibility and microscopic behaviour of the systems? Transfer of the exergy, i.e., consumption of free energy will keep the system away from a stable equilibrium. So entropy generation results from the redistribution of energy, momentum, mass and charge. Moreover, irreversible consumption of free energy was underlined to create time’s arrow. This concept represents the essence of the thermodynamic approach to irreversibility. The analysis developed in this paper points out that the principle of maximum of entropy generation and the least action can be recognized as the only single law. Quanta are exchanged between a system and its surroundings. Each quantum carries energy. The natural behaviour of the open systems is ascribed to the decrease of free energy in the least time, which can be related to the extremum entropy generation theorem. Irreversibility is the result of the interaction between systems and their environment with the consequence time symmetry breaking. The fundamental result of this paper is to introduce a link between the global analysis of irreversibility and Noether’s results.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucia, Umberto, 2015. "Quanta and entropy generation," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 419(C), pages 115-121.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:419:y:2015:i:c:p:115-121
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2014.10.040
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lucia, Umberto, 2014. "Entropy generation: Minimum inside and maximum outside," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 396(C), pages 61-65.
    2. Lucia, Umberto, 2013. "Stationary open systems: A brief review on contemporary theories on irreversibility," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(5), pages 1051-1062.
    3. Lucia, Umberto, 2013. "Thermodynamic paths and stochastic order in open systems," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(18), pages 3912-3919.
    4. Umberto Lucia, 2014. "The Gouy-Stodola Theorem in Bioenergetic Analysis of Living Systems (Irreversibility in Bioenergetics of Living Systems)," Energies, MDPI, vol. 7(9), pages 1-23, September.
    5. Lucia, Umberto, 2013. "Carnot efficiency: Why?," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(17), pages 3513-3517.
    6. Sharma, Vivek & Kaila, Ville R.I. & Annila, Arto, 2009. "Protein folding as an evolutionary process," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(6), pages 851-862.
    7. Lucia, Umberto & Sciubba, Enrico, 2013. "From Lotka to the entropy generation approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(17), pages 3634-3639.
    8. Lucia, Umberto, 2013. "Entropy and exergy in irreversible renewable energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 559-564.
    9. Lucia, Umberto, 2013. "Exergy flows as bases of constructal law," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(24), pages 6284-6287.
    10. Lucia, Umberto, 2014. "Entropy generation and the Fokker–Planck equation," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 393(C), pages 256-260.
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    RePEc Biblio mentions

    As found on the RePEc Biblio, the curated bibliography for Economics:
    1. > Schools of Economic Thought, Epistemology of Economics > Heterodox Approaches > Thermoeconomics

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    Cited by:

    1. Yurdusevimli Metin, Ece & Aygün, Hakan, 2019. "Energy and power aspects of an experimental target drone engine at non-linear controller loads," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(C), pages 981-993.
    2. Lucia, Umberto, 2016. "Second law considerations on the third law: From Boltzmann and Loschmidt paradox to non equilibrium temperature," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 444(C), pages 121-128.
    3. Umberto Lucia & Giulia Grisolia, 2022. "Thermodynamic Definition of Time: Considerations on the EPR Paradox," Mathematics, MDPI, vol. 10(15), pages 1-12, July.
    4. Açıkkalp, Emin & Caner, Necmettin, 2015. "Determining performance of an irreversible nano scale dual cycle operating with Maxwell–Boltzmann gas," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 424(C), pages 342-349.

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