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Complex aperture networks


  • Ghaffari, H.O.
  • Sharifzadeh, M.
  • Young, R. Paul


A complex network approach is proposed for studying the shear behavior of a rough rock joint. Similarities between aperture profiles are established, and a functional complex network—in each shear displacement—is constructed in two directions: parallel and perpendicular to the shear direction. We find that the growth of the clustering coefficient and that of the number of edges are approximately scaled with the development of shear strength and hydraulic conductivity, which could possibly be utilized to estimate and formulate a friction law and the evolution of shear distribution over asperities. Moreover, the frictional interface is mapped in the global–local parameter space of the corresponding functional friction network, showing the evolution path and, eventually, the residual stage. Furthermore, we show that with respect to shear direction, parallel aperture patches are more adaptable to environmental stimuli than perpendicular profiles. We characterize the pure-contact profiles using the same approach. Unlike the first case, the later networks show a growing trend while in the residual stage; a saturation of links is encoded in contact networks.

Suggested Citation

  • Ghaffari, H.O. & Sharifzadeh, M. & Young, R. Paul, 2013. "Complex aperture networks," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(4), pages 1028-1037.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:392:y:2013:i:4:p:1028-1037 DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2012.11.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. A. Meltzer & Peter Ordeshook & Thomas Romer, 1983. "Introduction," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 1-5, January.
    2. Latora, Vito & Marchiori, Massimo, 2002. "Is the Boston subway a small-world network?," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 314(1), pages 109-113.
    3. Feng Xie & David Levinson, 2005. "The Topological Evolution of Surface Transportation Networks," Working Papers 200901, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    4. Valentini, Luca & Perugini, Diego & Poli, Giampiero, 2007. "The “small-world” topology of rock fracture networks," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 377(1), pages 323-328.
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