Influences of exit and stair conditions on human evacuation in a dormitory
Evacuation processes of students are investigated by experiment and simulation. The experiment is performed for students evacuating from a dormitory with an exit and stairs. FDS+Evac is proposed to simulate the exit and stair dynamics of occupant evacuation. Concerning the exit and stair widths, we put forward some useful standpoints. Good agreement is achieved between the predicted results and experimental results. With the increase of exit width, a significant stratification phenomenon will be found in flow rate. Stratification phenomenon is that two different stable flow rates will emerge during the evacuation. And the flow rate curve looks like a ladder. The larger the exit width, the earlier the stratification phenomenon appears. When exit width is more than 2.0 m, the flow rate of each exit width is divided into two stable stages, and the evacuation times show almost no change. The judgment that the existence of stairs causes flow stratification is reasonable. By changing the width of the stairs, we proved that judgment. The smaller the width of BC, the earlier the stratification appears. We found that scenario 5 is the most adverse circumstance. Those results are helpful in performance-based design of buildings.
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Volume (Year): 391 (2012)
Issue (Month): 24 ()
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- Zhang, Jun & Song, Weiguo & Xu, Xuan, 2008. "Experiment and multi-grid modeling of evacuation from a classroom," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 387(23), pages 5901-5909.
- Lei, Wenjun & Li, Angui & Gao, Ran & Zhou, Ning & Mei, Sen & Tian, Zhenguo, 2012. "Experimental study and numerical simulation of evacuation from a dormitory," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(21), pages 5189-5196.
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