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Influences of exit and stair conditions on human evacuation in a dormitory

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Listed:
  • Lei, Wenjun
  • Li, Angui
  • Gao, Ran
  • Wang, Xiaowei

Abstract

Evacuation processes of students are investigated by experiment and simulation. The experiment is performed for students evacuating from a dormitory with an exit and stairs. FDS+Evac is proposed to simulate the exit and stair dynamics of occupant evacuation. Concerning the exit and stair widths, we put forward some useful standpoints. Good agreement is achieved between the predicted results and experimental results. With the increase of exit width, a significant stratification phenomenon will be found in flow rate. Stratification phenomenon is that two different stable flow rates will emerge during the evacuation. And the flow rate curve looks like a ladder. The larger the exit width, the earlier the stratification phenomenon appears. When exit width is more than 2.0 m, the flow rate of each exit width is divided into two stable stages, and the evacuation times show almost no change. The judgment that the existence of stairs causes flow stratification is reasonable. By changing the width of the stairs, we proved that judgment. The smaller the width of BC, the earlier the stratification appears. We found that scenario 5 is the most adverse circumstance. Those results are helpful in performance-based design of buildings.

Suggested Citation

  • Lei, Wenjun & Li, Angui & Gao, Ran & Wang, Xiaowei, 2012. "Influences of exit and stair conditions on human evacuation in a dormitory," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(24), pages 6279-6286.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:391:y:2012:i:24:p:6279-6286
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2012.07.044
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lei, Wenjun & Li, Angui & Gao, Ran & Zhou, Ning & Mei, Sen & Tian, Zhenguo, 2012. "Experimental study and numerical simulation of evacuation from a dormitory," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(21), pages 5189-5196.
    2. Zhang, Jun & Song, Weiguo & Xu, Xuan, 2008. "Experiment and multi-grid modeling of evacuation from a classroom," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 387(23), pages 5901-5909.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Li, Wenhang & Li, Yi & Yu, Ping & Gong, Jianhua & Shen, Shen & Huang, Lin & Liang, Jianming, 2017. "Modeling, simulation and analysis of the evacuation process on stairs in a multi-floor classroom building of a primary school," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 469(C), pages 157-172.
    2. Zeng, Yiping & Song, Weiguo & Jin, Sha & Ye, Rui & Liu, Xiaodong, 2017. "Experimental study on walking preference during high-rise stair evacuation under different ground illuminations," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 479(C), pages 26-37.
    3. Ma, Yaping & Li, Lihua & Zhang, Hui & Chen, Tao, 2017. "Experimental study on small group behavior and crowd dynamics in a tall office building evacuation," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 473(C), pages 488-500.

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