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Irreversibility in biophysical and biochemical engineering

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  • Lucia, Umberto

Abstract

The thermodynamic analysis of open systems is fundamental in engineering. For the open systems at their steady state, two apparently opposed principles for the rate of entropy production have been used: the minimum entropy production rate derived by Prigogine, used in the description of various processes in physics, chemistry and biology, and the maximum entropy production, used in many other cases and now considered more general. Both principles involve an extreme value of the rate of entropy production in an open system at the steady state under non-equilibrium conditions. In this paper, a link between these two approaches is developed and their synthesis with the constructal law is proposed. An application to ATP synthesis in anaerobic fermentation for biogas production is presented.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucia, Umberto, 2012. "Irreversibility in biophysical and biochemical engineering," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(23), pages 5997-6007.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:391:y:2012:i:23:p:5997-6007
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2012.07.018
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Prek, Matjaz, 2006. "Thermodynamical analysis of human thermal comfort," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 732-743.
    2. Lucia, U., 2012. "Maximum or minimum entropy generation for open systems?," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 391(12), pages 3392-3398.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lucia, Umberto, 2014. "Thermodynamic approach to nano-properties of cell membrane," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 407(C), pages 185-191.
    2. Lucia, Umberto, 2013. "Thermodynamic paths and stochastic order in open systems," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(18), pages 3912-3919.
    3. Lucia, Umberto, 2014. "Entropy generation and cell growth with comments for a thermodynamic anticancer approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 406(C), pages 107-118.
    4. Lucia, Umberto, 2013. "Thermodynamics and cancer stationary states," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(17), pages 3648-3653.
    5. Lucia, Umberto, 2014. "Transport processes in biological systems: Tumoral cells and human brain," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 393(C), pages 327-336.
    6. repec:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:1:p:156-:d:126013 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Lucia, Umberto, 2014. "Entropy generation and the Fokker–Planck equation," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 393(C), pages 256-260.
    8. Umberto Lucia, 2014. "The Gouy-Stodola Theorem in Bioenergetic Analysis of Living Systems (Irreversibility in Bioenergetics of Living Systems)," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(9), pages 1-23, September.
    9. Lucia, Umberto & Sciubba, Enrico, 2013. "From Lotka to the entropy generation approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(17), pages 3634-3639.
    10. Lucia, Umberto, 2014. "Entropy generation approach to cell systems," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 406(C), pages 1-11.

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