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Methods for improvement in estimation of a normal mean matrix

Author

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  • Tsukuma, Hisayuki
  • Kubokawa, Tatsuya

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the problem of estimating a matrix of means in multivariate normal distributions with an unknown covariance matrix under invariant quadratic loss. It is first shown that the modified Efron-Morris estimator is characterized as a certain empirical Bayes estimator. This estimator modifies the crude Efron-Morris estimator by adding a scalar shrinkage term. It is next shown that the idea of this modification provides a general method for improvement of estimators, which results in the further improvement on several minimax estimators. As a new method for improvement, an adaptive combination of the modified Stein and the James-Stein estimators is also proposed and is shown to be minimax. Through Monte Carlo studies of the risk behaviors, it is numerically shown that the proposed, combined estimator inherits the nice risk properties of both individual estimators and thus it has a very favorable risk behavior in a small sample case. Finally, the application to a two-way layout MANOVA model with interactions is discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Tsukuma, Hisayuki & Kubokawa, Tatsuya, 2007. "Methods for improvement in estimation of a normal mean matrix," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 98(8), pages 1592-1610, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:98:y:2007:i:8:p:1592-1610
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Konno, Yoshihiko, 1991. "On estimation of a matrix of normal means with unknown covariance matrix," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 44-55, January.
    2. Ghosh, Malay & Shieh, Gwowen, 1991. "Empirical Bayes minimax estimators of matrix normal means," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 306-318, August.
    3. Hisayuki Tsukuma & Tatsuya Kubokawa, 2005. "Methods for Improvement in Estimation of a Normal Mean Matrix," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-378, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    4. Dey, Dipak K., 1987. "Improved estimation of a multinormal precision matrix," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 125-128, November.
    5. Bilodeau, Martin & Kariya, Takeaki, 1989. "Minimax estimators in the normal MANOVA model," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 260-270, February.
    6. Loh, Wei-Liem, 1991. "Estimating covariance matrices II," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 163-174, February.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tsukuma, Hisayuki, 2009. "Generalized Bayes minimax estimation of the normal mean matrix with unknown covariance matrix," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(10), pages 2296-2304, November.
    2. Hisayuki Tsukuma & Tatsuya Kubokawa, 2014. "A Unified Approach to Estimating a Normal Mean Matrix in High and Low Dimensions," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-926, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    3. Xu, Kai & He, Daojiang, 2015. "Further results on estimation of covariance matrix," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 11-20.
    4. Tsukuma, Hisayuki & Kubokawa, Tatsuya, 2015. "A unified approach to estimating a normal mean matrix in high and low dimensions," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 312-328.

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