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Asymptotic distributions of nonparametric regression estimators for longitudinal or functional data


  • Yao, Fang


The estimation of a regression function by kernel method for longitudinal or functional data is considered. In the context of longitudinal data analysis, a random function typically represents a subject that is often observed at a small number of time points, while in the studies of functional data the random realization is usually measured on a dense grid. However, essentially the same methods can be applied to both sampling plans, as well as in a number of settings lying between them. In this paper general results are derived for the asymptotic distributions of real-valued functions with arguments which are functionals formed by weighted averages of longitudinal or functional data. Asymptotic distributions for the estimators of the mean and covariance functions obtained from noisy observations with the presence of within-subject correlation are studied. These asymptotic normality results are comparable to those standard rates obtained from independent data, which is illustrated in a simulation study. Besides, this paper discusses the conditions associated with sampling plans, which are required for the validity of local properties of kernel-based estimators for longitudinal or functional data.

Suggested Citation

  • Yao, Fang, 2007. "Asymptotic distributions of nonparametric regression estimators for longitudinal or functional data," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 98(1), pages 40-56, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmvana:v:98:y:2007:i:1:p:40-56

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cardot, Hervé & Ferraty, Frédéric & Sarda, Pascal, 1999. "Functional linear model," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 11-22, October.
    2. Yao, Fang & Muller, Hans-Georg & Wang, Jane-Ling, 2005. "Functional Data Analysis for Sparse Longitudinal Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 577-590, June.
    3. Ramsay, James O. & Ramsey, James B., 2002. "Functional data analysis of the dynamics of the monthly index of nondurable goods production," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 107(1-2), pages 327-344, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhu, Hongxiao & Morris, Jeffrey S. & Wei, Fengrong & Cox, Dennis D., 2017. "Multivariate functional response regression, with application to fluorescence spectroscopy in a cervical pre-cancer study," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 88-101.
    2. Beran, Jan & Liu, Haiyan, 2016. "Estimation of eigenvalues, eigenvectors and scores in FDA models with dependent errors," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 147(C), pages 218-233.
    3. Degras, David, 2008. "Asymptotics for the nonparametric estimation of the mean function of a random process," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(17), pages 2976-2980, December.


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