A comparative analysis of remuneration models for pharmaceutical professional services
Objectives Pharmacists provide a wide range of professional services to support the appropriate use of medicines by patients. This study aims to conduct an international, comparative analysis of remuneration models for pharmaceutical professional services.Methods Information about remuneration models was derived from a literature review and a semi-structured questionnaire completed by experts.Results Remuneration models differ in the way that pharmacists are paid for professional services beyond dispensing medicines. Also, the scope of services that are remunerated varies. The majority of countries regulate remuneration for services only when the medicine is paid for under the reimbursement scheme. Remuneration of services implies a commitment to assure their quality in some countries. Collaborative practice models have been set up where pharmacists work together with other health care professionals to deliver diagnosis-specific services or services based on the patient's use of medicines. The remuneration of services is influenced by the value of services, budgetary constraints, the payer perspective, and the attitude of physicians, pharmacists and patients.Conclusions Professional organisations need to formulate a clear strategy for developing and gaining remuneration for pharmaceutical professional services. This implies that pharmacists not only demonstrate the value of services, but also assure their quality.
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- Huttin, Christine, 1996. "A critical review of the remuneration systems for pharmacists," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 53-68, April.
- Cooper, Richard Jason & Anderson, Claire & Avery, Tony & Bissell, Paul & Guillaume, Louise & Hutchinson, Allen & James, Veronica & Lymn, Joanne & McIntosh, Aileen & Murphy, Elizabeth & Ratcliffe, Juli, 2008. "Nurse and pharmacist supplementary prescribing in the UK--A thematic review of the literature," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 85(3), pages 277-292, March.
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