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Study on the dynamic and thermal performances of a reversibly used cooling tower with upward spraying


  • Cui, Haijiao
  • Li, Nianping
  • Peng, Jinqing
  • Cheng, Jianlin
  • Li, Shengbing


In subtropical areas, the RUCT (reversibly used cooling tower) can be used in a heat pump system. This study proposed an upward spraying RUCT, in which the aqueous solution is sprayed upward from the bottom, to reduce the drag resistance and enhance the efficiency of conventional RUCTs. A mathematical model considering rising and falling droplets simultaneously was developed based on conversation laws of mass, energy and momentum. The validity of the model was examined against the operating data measured in real conditions. Based on the validated model, the influences of different air velocities (2, 2.5, 3 m/s), droplet diameters (0.8, 1.0, 1.2 mm) and initial droplet velocities (6, 8, 10 m/s) on the displacement, velocity and temperature distributions of the sprayed droplet were discussed in detail. The results showed that, when the ratio of initial droplet velocity to air velocity closes to 1, smaller droplets will rise higher than the larger droplets, while for large ratio, the opposite is true. Droplet diameter had a large impact on the thermal performance and the droplet temperature rise in the descent stage was 1.5–2.4 times larger than that in the ascent stage. This study provides a theoretical foundation for optimization designing of the upward spraying RUCT.

Suggested Citation

  • Cui, Haijiao & Li, Nianping & Peng, Jinqing & Cheng, Jianlin & Li, Shengbing, 2016. "Study on the dynamic and thermal performances of a reversibly used cooling tower with upward spraying," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 268-277.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:96:y:2016:i:c:p:268-277
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. She, Xiaohui & Cong, Lin & Nie, Binjian & Leng, Guanghui & Peng, Hao & Chen, Yi & Zhang, Xiaosong & Wen, Tao & Yang, Hongxing & Luo, Yimo, 2018. "Energy-efficient and -economic technologies for air conditioning with vapor compression refrigeration: A comprehensive review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 232(C), pages 157-186.
    2. Yifei Lv & Jun Lu & Yongcai Li & Ling Xie & Lulu Yang & Linlin Yuan, 2020. "Comparative Study of the Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics between Counter-Flow and Cross-Flow Heat Source Towers," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(11), pages 1-29, May.
    3. Men, Yiyu & Liu, Xiaohua & Zhang, Tao, 2020. "Analytical solutions of heat and mass transfer process in combined gas-water heat exchanger applied for waste heat recovery," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 206(C).
    4. Cui, Haijiao & Li, Nianping & Peng, Jinqing & Yin, Rongxin & Li, Jingming & Wu, Zhibin, 2018. "Investigation on the thermal performance of a novel spray tower with upward spraying and downward gas flow," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 231(C), pages 12-21.
    5. Qingqing Liu & Nianping Li & Yongga A & Jiaojiao Duan & Wenyun Yan, 2021. "The Evaluation of the Corrosion Rates of Alloys Applied to the Heating Tower Heat Pump (HTHP) by Machine Learning," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(7), pages 1-13, April.
    6. Cui, Haijiao & Li, Nianping & Wang, Xinlei & Peng, Jinqing & Li, Yuan & Wu, Zhibin, 2017. "Optimization of reversibly used cooling tower with downward spraying," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 30-43.

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