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Integration of renewable energies and nuclear power into North African Energy Systems: An analysis of energy import and export effects


  • Supersberger, Nikolaus
  • Führer, Laura


The North African countries Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt have been and are currently experiencing rapid growth in energy demand. This development confronts their political leaders with the question of how to expand or diversify their countries' generation capacities. In this context, renewable energies and nuclear power constitute options that have rarely been exploited so far in the region. This article analyzes the drawbacks and benefits of both alternatives, with a special focus on import and export dynamics. When attempting to make the strategic decision between renewables and atomic power, North African regional specifics and circumstances have to be taken into account. Hence, in a first step, the article characterizes the energy systems of the North African countries and presents scenarios for their future development. In a second step, it scrutinizes the energy challenges these states face in terms of domestic concerns and foreign affairs. Finally, a case study of Algeria is used to demonstrate how renewable energies, but not nuclear power, are able to respond to North African energy challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Supersberger, Nikolaus & Führer, Laura, 2011. "Integration of renewable energies and nuclear power into North African Energy Systems: An analysis of energy import and export effects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(8), pages 4458-4465, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:39:y:2011:i:8:p:4458-4465

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. AfDB AfDB, . "2010 - Egypt - Country Profile," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 117, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Griffiths, Steven, 2017. "A review and assessment of energy policy in the Middle East and North Africa region," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 249-269.
    2. Kousksou, T. & Allouhi, A. & Belattar, M. & Jamil, A. & El Rhafiki, T. & Arid, A. & Zeraouli, Y., 2015. "Renewable energy potential and national policy directions for sustainable development in Morocco," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 46-57.
    3. Karakosta, Charikleia & Pappas, Charalampos & Marinakis, Vangelis & Psarras, John, 2013. "Renewable energy and nuclear power towards sustainable development: Characteristics and prospects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 187-197.
    4. Benyakhlef, S. & Al Mers, A. & Merroun, O. & Bouatem, A. & Boutammachte, N. & El Alj, S. & Ajdad, H. & Erregueragui, Z. & Zemmouri, E., 2016. "Impact of heliostat curvature on optical performance of Linear Fresnel solar concentrators," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 463-474.
    5. Kousksou, T. & Allouhi, A. & Belattar, M. & Jamil, A. & El Rhafiki, T. & Zeraouli, Y., 2015. "Morocco's strategy for energy security and low-carbon growth," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 98-105.


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