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Savings estimates for the United States Environmental Protection Agency's ENERGY STAR voluntary product labeling program


  • Sanchez, Marla C.
  • Brown, Richard E.
  • Webber, Carrie
  • Homan, Gregory K.


ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency-labeling program operated jointly by the United States Department of Energy and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Since the program's inception in 1992, ENERGY STAR has become a leading international brand for energy-efficient products. ENERGY STAR's central role in the development of regional, national, and international energy programs necessitates an open process whereby its program achievements to date as well as projected future savings are shared with committed stakeholders. Through 2006, US EPA'S ENERGY STAR labeled products saved 4.8 EJ of primary energy and avoided 82 Tg C equivalent. We project that US EPA'S ENERGY STAR labeled products will save 12.8 EJ and avoid 203 Tg C equivalent over the period 2007-2015. A sensitivity analysis examining two key inputs (carbon factor and ENERGY STAR unit sales) bounds the best estimate of carbon avoided between 54 and 107 Tg C (1993-2006) and between 132 and 278 Tg C (2007-2015).

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  • Sanchez, Marla C. & Brown, Richard E. & Webber, Carrie & Homan, Gregory K., 2008. "Savings estimates for the United States Environmental Protection Agency's ENERGY STAR voluntary product labeling program," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 2098-2108, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:36:y:2008:i:6:p:2098-2108

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zhao, Tingting & Bell, Lindsey & Horner, Mark W. & Sulik, John & Zhang, Jinfeng, 2012. "Consumer responses towards home energy financial incentives: A survey-based study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 291-297.
    2. Siderius, Hans-Paul, 2014. "Setting MEPS for electronic products," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 1-13.
    3. Galarraga, Ibon & Abadie, Luis M. & Ansuategi, Alberto, 2013. "Efficiency, effectiveness and implementation feasibility of energy efficiency rebates: The “Renove” plan in Spain," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(S1), pages 98-107.
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    5. De Kleine, Robert D. & Keoleian, Gregory A. & Kelly, Jarod C., 2011. "Optimal replacement of residential air conditioning equipment to minimize energy, greenhouse gas emissions, and consumer cost in the US," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3144-3153, June.
    6. Bull, Joe, 2012. "Loads of green washing—can behavioural economics increase willingness-to-pay for efficient washing machines in the UK?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 242-252.
    7. Schleich, Joachim & Gassmann, Xavier & Faure, Corinne & Meissner, Thomas, 2016. "Making the implicit explicit: A look inside the implicit discount rate," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 321-331.
    8. Jingwen Wu & Bingdong Hou & Ruoyu Ke & Yun-Fei Du & Ce Wang & Xiangzheng Li & Jiawei Cai & Tianqi Chen & Meixuan Teng & Jin Liu & Jin-Wei Wang & Hua Liao, 2018. "Residential fuel choice in the rural: A field research on two counties of North China," CEEP-BIT Working Papers 109, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEP), Beijing Institute of Technology.
    9. Lim, Seong-Rin & Schoenung, Julie M., 2011. "Measurement and analysis of product energy efficiency to assist energy star criteria development: An example for desktop computers," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(12), pages 8003-8010.
    10. Mills, Bradford & Schleich, Joachim, 2010. "What's driving energy efficient appliance label awareness and purchase propensity?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 814-825, February.
    11. Hager, Tiffany J. & Morawicki, Ruben, 2013. "Energy consumption during cooking in the residential sector of developed nations: A review," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 54-63.
    12. Parikh, Kirit S. & Parikh, Jyoti K., 2016. "Realizing potential savings of energy and emissions from efficient household appliances in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 102-111.
    13. Datta, Souvik & Gulati, Sumeet, 2014. "Utility rebates for ENERGY STAR appliances: Are they effective?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 480-506.
    14. Galarraga, Ibon & Abadie, Luis M. & Kallbekken, Steffen, 2016. "Designing incentive schemes for promoting energy-efficient appliances: A new methodology and a case study for Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 24-36.
    15. Chandel, S.S. & Sharma, Aniket & Marwaha, Bhanu M., 2016. "Review of energy efficiency initiatives and regulations for residential buildings in India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1443-1458.
    16. Pizer, William A. & Morgenstern, Richard & Shih, Jhih-Shyang, 2011. "The performance of industrial sector voluntary climate programs: Climate Wise and 1605(b)," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(12), pages 7907-7916.
    17. Mills, Bradford & Schleich, Joachim, 2012. "Residential energy-efficient technology adoption, energy conservation, knowledge, and attitudes: An analysis of European countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 616-628.
    18. Brunner, Eric J. & Ford, Peter S. & McNulty, Mark A. & Thayer, Mark A., 2010. "Compact fluorescent lighting and residential natural gas consumption: Testing for interactive effects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 1288-1296, March.
    19. Mahlia, T.M.I. & Tohno, S. & Tezuka, T., 2012. "History and current status of the motor vehicle energy labeling and its implementation possibilities in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 1828-1844.
    20. Tonn, Bruce & Hawkins, Beth & Schweitzer, Martin & Eisenberg, Joel, 2013. "Process evaluation of the home performance with ENERGY STAR Program," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 371-381.
    21. Ibon Galarraga & Luis M. Abadie, 2014. "The use of “Bonus-Malus†schemes for promoting energy-efficient household appliances: a case study for Spain," Working Papers 2014-06, BC3.

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