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Electricity theft: Analysis of the underlying contributory factors in Ghana

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  • Yakubu, Osman
  • Babu C., Narendra
  • Adjei, Osei

Abstract

Developing countries, including Ghana, are grappling with a high rate of electricity theft; it is affecting the income generation capacity of their utility companies. The infrastructure deployed by these utility companies to detect and control electricity theft are poor resulting in an immense loss of revenue. This study was undertaken to identify the underlying contributory factors that encourages electricity theft in Ghana. Studies undertaken in other countries revealed that, electricity theft is as a result of economic and political reasons such as poverty and unemployment. Using data captured from the Ashanti Region, which is the most populous region in Ghana, we studied the factors that cause electricity theft and ranked them in order of the most significant. In this study, higher electricity prices, poor quality of power supplied, corruption, poor enforcement of the law against electricity theft, and the PURC not fighting for the interest of consumers were found to be the main causes of electricity theft. Other factors are attitudinal, illiteracy, unemployment, and poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Yakubu, Osman & Babu C., Narendra & Adjei, Osei, 2018. "Electricity theft: Analysis of the underlying contributory factors in Ghana," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 611-618.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:123:y:2018:i:c:p:611-618
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.09.019
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    4. Gideon Otchere-Appiah & Shingo Takahashi & Mavis Serwaa Yeboah & Yuichiro Yoshida, 2021. "The Impact of Smart Prepaid Metering on Non-Technical Losses in Ghana," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(7), pages 1-16, March.
    5. Hugo Briseño & Omar Rojas, 2020. "Factors Associated with Electricity Theft in Mexico," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(3), pages 250-254.
    6. Savian, Fernando de Souza & Siluk, Julio Cezar Mairesse & Garlet, Taís Bisognin & do Nascimento, Felipe Moraes & Pinheiro, José Renes & Vale, Zita, 2021. "Non-technical losses: A systematic contemporary article review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 147(C).
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    8. Adongo, Charles Atanga & Taale, Francis & Bukari, Shaibu & Suleman, Shafic & Amadu, Iddrisu, 2021. "Electricity theft whistleblowing feasibility in commercial accommodation facilities," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 155(C).

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