Optimal algorithms for the α-neighbor p-center problem
Assigning multiple service facilities to demand points is important when demand points are required to withstand service facility failures. Such failures may result from a multitude of causes, ranging from technical difficulties to natural disasters. The α-neighbor p-center problem deals with locating p service facilities. Each demand point is assigned to its nearest α service facilities, thus it is able to withstand up to α−1 service facility failures. The objective is to minimize the maximum distance between a demand point and its αth nearest service facility. We present two optimal algorithms for both the continuous and discrete α-neighbor p-center problem. We present experimental results comparing the performance of the two optimal algorithms for α=2. We also present experimental results showing the performance of the relaxation algorithm for α=1, 2, 3.
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