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Coordination of stocking decisions in an assemble-to-order environment


  • Zhang, Xiaohong
  • Ou, Jihong
  • Gilbert, Stephen M.


This paper examines an assemble-to-order environment involving a short-life-cycle product that is sold in two different configurations, each requiring a unique component that must be stocked in advance. Both configurations of the product are assembled on the same equipment which has limited capacity. The focus of the analysis is on the determination of the appropriate stocking quantities for each of the configuration specific components. Because the same assembly capacity is often reused for different instances of the component stocking problem, we treat assembly capacity as exogenous. This represents the fact that capacity decisions are often made less frequently than are procurement/production quantity decisions. We first solve for the first-best stocking policy when the components are produced internally. We then consider the case when the components are procured from external suppliers, and investigate how different forms of contract between the assembler and the component suppliers affect coordination of the supply chain as well as each party's profit. One particularly interesting finding is that it is possible to coordinate the supply chain with a single-price contract between each supplier and the assembler while awarding all parties positive profit.

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  • Zhang, Xiaohong & Ou, Jihong & Gilbert, Stephen M., 2008. "Coordination of stocking decisions in an assemble-to-order environment," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 189(2), pages 540-558, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:189:y:2008:i:2:p:540-558

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gérard P. Cachon & Martin A. Lariviere, 2001. "Contracting to Assure Supply: How to Share Demand Forecasts in a Supply Chain," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(5), pages 629-646, May.
    2. Gérard P. Cachon, 2004. "The Allocation of Inventory Risk in a Supply Chain: Push, Pull, and Advance-Purchase Discount Contracts," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(2), pages 222-238, February.
    3. Harrison, J. Michael & Van Mieghem, Jan A., 1999. "Multi-resource investment strategies: Operational hedging under demand uncertainty," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 113(1), pages 17-29, February.
    4. Kenneth R. Baker & Michael J. Magazine & Henry L. W. Nuttle, 1986. "The Effect of Commonality on Safety Stock in a Simple Inventory Model," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 32(8), pages 982-988, August.
    5. Jan A. Van Mieghem & Nils Rudi, 2002. "Newsvendor Networks: Inventory Management and Capacity Investment with Discretionary Activities," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 4(4), pages 313-335, August.
    6. Martin A. Lariviere & Evan L. Porteus, 2001. "Selling to the Newsvendor: An Analysis of Price-Only Contracts," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 3(4), pages 293-305, May.
    7. Yigal Gerchak & Michael J. Magazine & A. Bruce Gamble, 1988. "Component Commonality with Service Level Requirements," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 34(6), pages 753-760, June.
    8. Fernando Bernstein & Gregory A. DeCroix, 2004. "Decentralized Pricing and Capacity Decisions in a Multitier System with Modular Assembly," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(9), pages 1293-1308, September.
    9. Yunzeng Wang & Yigal Gerchak, 2003. "Capacity Games in Assembly Systems with Uncertain Demand," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 5(3), pages 252-267, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yan, Xiaoming & Zhang, Minghui & Liu, Ke, 2010. "A note on coordination in decentralized assembly systems with uncertain component yields," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 205(2), pages 469-478, September.
    2. repec:eee:ejores:v:261:y:2017:i:3:p:866-879 is not listed on IDEAS

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