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Robustness and inference in nonparametric partial frontier modeling

  • Daouia, Abdelaati
  • Gijbels, Irène
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    A major aim in recent nonparametric frontier modeling is to estimate a partial frontier well inside the sample of production units but near the optimal boundary. Two concepts of partial boundaries of the production set have been proposed: an expected maximum output frontier of order m=1,2,... and a conditional quantile-type frontier of order [alpha][set membership, variant]]0,1]. In this paper, we answer the important question of how the two families are linked. For each m, we specify the order [alpha] for which both partial production frontiers can be compared. We show that even one perturbation in data is sufficient for breakdown of the nonparametric order-m frontiers, whereas the global robustness of the order-[alpha] frontiers attains a higher breakdown value. Nevertheless, once the [alpha] frontiers break down, they become less resistant to outliers than the order-m frontiers. Moreover, the m frontiers have the advantage to be statistically more efficient. Based on these findings, we suggest a methodology for identifying outlying data points. We establish some asymptotic results, contributing to important gaps in the literature. The theoretical findings are illustrated via simulations and real data.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Econometrics.

    Volume (Year): 161 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 (April)
    Pages: 147-165

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:161:y:2011:i:2:p:147-165
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconom

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    1. Léopold Simar, 2003. "Detecting Outliers in Frontier Models: A Simple Approach," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 391-424, November.
    2. Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Leopold, 2005. "Parametric approximations of nonparametric frontiers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 91-116, January.
    3. Park, B.U. & Simar, L. & Weiner, Ch., 2000. "The Fdh Estimator For Productivity Efficiency Scores," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(06), pages 855-877, December.
    4. Aragon, Y. & Daouia, A. & Thomas-Agnan, C., 2005. "Nonparametric Frontier Estimation: A Conditional Quantile-Based Approach," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(02), pages 358-389, April.
    5. Wilson, Paul W, 1993. "Detecting Outliers in Deterministic Nonparametric Frontier Models with Multiple Outputs," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 11(3), pages 319-23, July.
    6. Daouia, Abdelaati & Simar, Leopold, 2007. "Nonparametric efficiency analysis: A multivariate conditional quantile approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 375-400, October.
    7. Gijbels, Irène & Mammen, Enno & Park, Byeong U. & Simar, Léopold, 1998. "On estimation of monotone and concave frontier functions," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1998,9, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
    8. Cazals, Catherine & Florens, Jean-Pierre & Simar, Leopold, 2002. "Nonparametric frontier estimation: a robust approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 106(1), pages 1-25, January.
    9. A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & E. Rhodes, 1981. "Evaluating Program and Managerial Efficiency: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to Program Follow Through," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 27(6), pages 668-697, June.
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