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Integrated hydrodynamic and economic modelling of flood damage in the Netherlands


  • Jonkman, S.N.
  • Bockarjova, M.
  • Kok, M.
  • Bernardini, P.


This paper presents a model developed in the Netherlands for the estimation of damage caused by floods. The model attempts to fill the gap in the international literature about integrated flood damage modelling and develop an integrated framework for the assessment of both direct hazard-induced damages and indirect economic damages such as the interruption of production flows outside the flood affected area, as well as loss of life due to flooding. The scale of damage assessment varies from a specified flood-prone area in a river basin or a coastal region to the country's entire economy. The integrative character of the presented model is featured by the combination of information on land use and economic data, and data on flood characteristics and stage-damage functions, where the geographical dimension is supported by modern GIS to obtain a damage estimate for various damage categories. The usefulness of the model is demonstrated in a case study estimating expected flood damage in the largest flood-prone area in the Netherlands.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonkman, S.N. & Bockarjova, M. & Kok, M. & Bernardini, P., 2008. "Integrated hydrodynamic and economic modelling of flood damage in the Netherlands," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 77-90, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:66:y:2008:i:1:p:77-90

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carel Eijgenraam, 2006. "Optimal safety standards for dike-ring areas," CPB Discussion Paper 62, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    2. Anne Veen & Christiaan Logtmeijer, 2005. "Economic Hotspots: Visualizing Vulnerability to Flooding," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 36(1), pages 65-80, September.
    3. Meyer, Volker & Messner, Frank, 2005. "National flood damage evaluation methods: A review of applied methods in England, the Netherlands, the Czech Republik and Germany," UFZ Discussion Papers 21/2005, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (├ľKUS).
    4. Adam Rose & Shu-Yi Liao, 2005. "Modeling Regional Economic Resilience to Disasters: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Water Service Disruptions," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(1), pages 75-112.
    5. Brouwer, Roy & van Ek, Remco, 2004. "Integrated ecological, economic and social impact assessment of alternative flood control policies in the Netherlands," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1-2), pages 1-21, September.
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