IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/cysrev/v144y2023ics019074092200370x.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Childhood experiences, growing up “in care,” and trust: A quantitative analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Brown, Delphine

Abstract

Different childhood experiences, including those that involve abuse, violence, and being removed from the home and placed in government care can have lingering effects that last into adulthood. In particular, they can affect the ability to form relationships and trust later in life. This study uses 2014 Canadian General Social Survey data to test whether a history of abuse, violence, and being in care is associated with levels of trust across three relational variables -- trust in family, neighbourhood people, and strangers -- using a series of logistic regression models. Results indicate that levels of trust vary for those with such histories and depend on the relationship in question. Trust is highest for family, then neighbours, then strangers. People who were in care had lower trust in family and strangers, people who experienced physical or sexual abuse had lower trust in family, neighbours, and strangers, and people who witnessed parental violence had lower trust in family and neighbours. In addition, people who identified as Indigenous reported lower trust in family and neighbours than people who did not identify as Indigenous. These findings contribute to knowledge of the long-term effects of abuse, violence, and having been in care, offering practical implications for those working with children, and those working within the child welfare system.

Suggested Citation

  • Brown, Delphine, 2023. "Childhood experiences, growing up “in care,” and trust: A quantitative analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:144:y:2023:i:c:s019074092200370x
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2022.106734
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019074092200370X
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.childyouth.2022.106734?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Esposito, Tonino & Trocmé, Nico & Chabot, Martin & Collin-Vézina, Delphine & Shlonsky, Aron & Sinha, Vandna, 2014. "The stability of child protection placements in Québec, Canada," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 10-19.
    2. Sonia Hélie & Marie-Andrée Poirier & Tonino Esposito & Daniel Turcotte, 2017. "Placement Stability, Cumulative Time in Care, and Permanency: Using Administrative Data from CPS to Track Placement Trajectories," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 14(11), pages 1-17, November.
    3. Sutter, Matthias & Kocher, Martin G., 2007. "Trust and trustworthiness across different age groups," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 364-382, May.
    4. Zlotnick, C. & Tam, T.W. & Soman, L.A., 2012. "Life course outcomes on mental and physical health: The impact of foster care on adulthood," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 102(3), pages 534-540.
    5. Nazim Habibov & Alex Cheung & Alena Auchynnikava, 2017. "Does trust increase willingness to pay higher taxes to help the needy?," International Social Security Review, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 70(3), pages 3-30, July.
    6. Na, Ling & Hample, Dale, 2016. "Psychological pathways from social integration to health: An examination of different demographic groups in Canada," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 196-205.
    7. Naccarato, Toni & Brophy, Megan & Courtney, Mark E., 2010. "Employment outcomes of foster youth: The results from the Midwest Evaluation of the Adult Functioning of Foster Youth," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 551-559, April.
    8. Gypen, Laura & Vanderfaeillie, Johan & De Maeyer, Skrallan & Belenger, Laurence & Van Holen, Frank, 2017. "Outcomes of children who grew up in foster care: Systematic-review," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 74-83.
    9. Dworsky, Amy, 2005. "The economic self-sufficiency of Wisconsin's former foster youth," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(10), pages 1085-1118, October.
    10. Jalene Tayler Anderson & Damian Collins, 2014. "Prevalence and Causes of Urban Homelessness Among Indigenous Peoples: A Three-Country Scoping Review," Housing Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(7), pages 959-976, October.
    11. Moore, Tim & McArthur, Morag & Death, Jodi & Tilbury, Clare & Roche, Steven, 2018. "Sticking with us through it all: The importance of trustworthy relationships for children and young people in residential care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 68-75.
    12. Hook, Jennifer L. & Courtney, Mark E., 2011. "Employment outcomes of former foster youth as young adults: The importance of human, personal, and social capital," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1855-1865, October.
    13. Chaudhuri, Ananish & Paichayontvijit, Tirnud & Shen, Lifeng, 2013. "Gender differences in trust and trustworthiness: Individuals, single sex and mixed sex groups," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 181-194.
    14. Tregeagle, Susan & Moggach, Lynne & Trivedi, Helen & Ward, Harriet, 2019. "Previous life experiences and the vulnerability of children adopted from out-of-home care: The impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences and child welfare decision making," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 55-63.
    15. Bussey, Marian & Lucero, Nancy M., 2013. "Re-examining child welfare's response to ICWA: Collaborating with community-based agencies to reduce disparities for American Indian/Alaska Native children," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 394-401.
    16. Fowler, Patrick J. & Marcal, Katherine E. & Zhang, Jinjin & Day, Orin & Landsverk, John, 2017. "Homelessness and aging out of foster care: A national comparison of child welfare-involved adolescents," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 27-33.
    17. Alberton, Amy M. & Angell, G. Brent & Gorey, Kevin M. & Grenier, Stéphane, 2020. "Homelessness among Indigenous peoples in Canada: The impacts of child welfare involvement and educational achievement," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 111(C).
    18. Rebbe, Rebecca & Nurius, Paula S. & Ahrens, Kym R. & Courtney, Mark E., 2017. "Adverse childhood experiences among youth aging out of foster care: A latent class analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 108-116.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Lindner, Abigail Rose & Hanlon, Ryan, 2024. "Outcomes of youth with foster care experiences based on permanency outcome – Adoption, aging out, long-term foster care, and reunification: A systematic review," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 156(C).
    2. Gypen, Laura & Vanderfaeillie, Johan & De Maeyer, Skrallan & Belenger, Laurence & Van Holen, Frank, 2017. "Outcomes of children who grew up in foster care: Systematic-review," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 74-83.
    3. Dworsky, Amy & Gitlow, Elissa, 2017. "Employment outcomes of young parents who age out of foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 133-140.
    4. Stewart, C. Joy & Kum, Hye-Chung & Barth, Richard P. & Duncan, Dean F., 2014. "Former foster youth: Employment outcomes up to age 30," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 220-229.
    5. Goyette, Martin & Blanchet, Alexandre & Esposito, Tonino & Delaye, Ashleigh, 2021. "The role of placement instability on employment and educational outcomes among adolescents leaving care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    6. Bonakdar, Ahmad & Gaetz, Stephen & Banchani, Emmanuel & Schwan, Kaitlin & Kidd, Sean A. & O'Grady, Bill, 2023. "Child protection services and youth experiencing homelessness: Findings of the 2019 national youth homelessness survey in Canada," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 153(C).
    7. Herbert, Laura & Comeau, Jinette & Smith, Carrie & Smith-Carrier, Tracy & Saxby, Christopher & Botelho, Natashia, 2023. "Child maltreatment and adult economic outcomes: A systematic review," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    8. Karki, Suyen & Ryynänen, Olli-Pekka & Salokekkilä, Pirkko & Häggman-Laitila, Arja, 2023. "Bayesian analysis of the factors explaining the disruptive behaviour of care leavers: A retrospective document analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 155(C).
    9. Gairal-Casadó, Regina & Garcia-Yeste, Carme & Novo-Molinero, Maria Teresa & Salvadó-Belarta, Zoel, 2019. "Out of school learning scientific workshops: Stimulating institutionalized Adolescents' educational aspirations," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 116-126.
    10. Havlicek, Judy, 2023. "“Don’t Give Up”: Persevering for a better life through community college among students with foster care experience," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 155(C).
    11. Shpiegel, Svetlana & Cascardi, Michele, 2018. "The impact of early childbirth on socioeconomic outcomes and risk indicators of females transitioning out of foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 1-8.
    12. Collins, Mary Elizabeth & Spindle-Jackson, Adrianna & Yao, Mengni, 2021. "Workforce development systems efforts for system-involved youth: Opportunities and challenges," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 128(C).
    13. Lemus, Daisy & Farruggia, Susan P. & Germo, Gary & Chang, Esther S., 2017. "The plans, goals, and concerns of pre-emancipated youth in foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 48-55.
    14. Sacker, Amanda & Lacey, Rebecca E. & Maughan, Barbara & Murray, Emily T., 2022. "Out-of-home care in childhood and socio-economic functioning in adulthood: ONS Longitudinal study 1971–2011," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).
    15. Olson, Annika & Scherer, David G. & Cohen, Andrew L., 2017. "Decision-making skills of emerging adults aging out of foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 81-86.
    16. Brady, Eavan & Gilligan, Robbie, 2019. "Exploring diversity in the educational pathways of care-experienced adults: Findings from a life course study of education and care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 1-1.
    17. Woodgate, Roberta L. & Morakinyo, Oluwatobiloba & Martin, Katrina M., 2017. "Interventions for youth aging out of care: A scoping review," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 280-300.
    18. van den Akker, Olmo R. & van Assen, Marcel A.L.M. & van Vugt, Mark & Wicherts, Jelte M., 2020. "Sex differences in trust and trustworthiness: A meta-analysis of the trust game and the gift-exchange game," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).
    19. McPherson, Lynne & Vosz, Meaghan & Gatwiri, Kathomi & Parmenter, Natalie & Macnamara, Noel & Mitchell, Janise & Tucci, Joe, 2021. "What does research tell us about young people’s participation in decision making in residential care? A systematic scoping review," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).
    20. Alberton, Amy M. & Angell, G. Brent & Gorey, Kevin M. & Grenier, Stéphane, 2020. "Homelessness among Indigenous peoples in Canada: The impacts of child welfare involvement and educational achievement," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 111(C).

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:144:y:2023:i:c:s019074092200370x. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/childyouth .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.