IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Development of a novel refrigeration system for refrigerated trucks incorporating phase change material


  • Liu, Ming
  • Saman, Wasim
  • Bruno, Frank


An innovative refrigeration system incorporating phase change material (PCM) is proposed to maintain refrigerated trucks at the desired thermal conditions. The advantage of using PCM to maintain low temperatures is that a conventional refrigeration system does not have to be located on-board the vehicle. In addition, the system consumes less energy and produces much lower local greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The phase change thermal storage unit (PCTSU) is charged by a refrigeration unit located off the vehicle when stationary. The PCM is discharged and provides cooling when in service. A new PCM with a lower cost than currently available PCMs was developed, suitable for maintaining the refrigerated truck at a temperature of −18°C. The PCM has a melting temperature of −26.7°C and a latent heat of 154.4kJkg−1. A prototype system was constructed and test results proved that the proposed refrigeration system is feasible for mobile transport. An analysis shows that delivery of refrigerated products can be made with a PCM system having a weight comparable to that of an on board conventional refrigeration system with less than half of the energy cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Ming & Saman, Wasim & Bruno, Frank, 2012. "Development of a novel refrigeration system for refrigerated trucks incorporating phase change material," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 336-342.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:92:y:2012:i:c:p:336-342 DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.10.015

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tay, N.H.S. & Belusko, M. & Bruno, F., 2012. "Experimental investigation of tubes in a phase change thermal energy storage system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 288-297.
    2. Castell, A. & Belusko, M. & Bruno, F. & Cabeza, L.F., 2011. "Maximisation of heat transfer in a coil in tank PCM cold storage system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(11), pages 4120-4127.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Oró, E. & de Gracia, A. & Castell, A. & Farid, M.M. & Cabeza, L.F., 2012. "Review on phase change materials (PCMs) for cold thermal energy storage applications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 513-533.
    2. Li, Gang & Zheng, Xuefei, 2016. "Thermal energy storage system integration forms for a sustainable future," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 736-757.
    3. Zhang, Chuan & Zhou, Li & Chhabra, Pulkit & Garud, Sushant S. & Aditya, Kevin & Romagnoli, Alessandro & Comodi, Gabriele & Dal Magro, Fabio & Meneghetti, Antonella & Kraft, Markus, 2016. "A novel methodology for the design of waste heat recovery network in eco-industrial park using techno-economic analysis and multi-objective optimization," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 88-102.
    4. Alzuwaid, F.A. & Ge, Y.T. & Tassou, S.A. & Sun, J., 2016. "The novel use of phase change materials in an open type refrigerated display cabinet: A theoretical investigation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 180(C), pages 76-85.
    5. Oró, Eduard & Barreneche, Camila & Farid, Mohammed M. & Cabeza, Luisa F., 2013. "Experimental study on the selection of phase change materials for low temperature applications," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 130-136.
    6. Tay, N.H.S. & Bruno, F. & Belusko, M., 2013. "Comparison of pinned and finned tubes in a phase change thermal energy storage system using CFD," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 79-86.
    7. Barzin, Reza & Chen, John J.J. & Young, Brent R. & Farid, Mohammed M., 2015. "Peak load shifting with energy storage and price-based control system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 92(P3), pages 505-514.
    8. Tay, N.H.S. & Bruno, F. & Belusko, M., 2013. "Experimental investigation of dynamic melting in a tube-in-tank PCM system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 137-148.
    9. Jankowski, Nicholas R. & McCluskey, F. Patrick, 2014. "A review of phase change materials for vehicle component thermal buffering," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1525-1561.
    10. Liu, Ming & Saman, Wasim & Bruno, Frank, 2014. "Computer simulation with TRNSYS for a mobile refrigeration system incorporating a phase change thermal storage unit," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 226-235.
    11. Gazda, Wiesław & Kozioł, Joachim, 2013. "The estimation of energy efficiency for hybrid refrigeration system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 49-57.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:92:y:2012:i:c:p:336-342. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.