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A model of a spatial economy with trading posts

Author

Listed:
  • Munetomo Ando

    () (Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo)

  • Daisuke Oyama

    () (Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo)

Abstract

This paper develops a framework in which exchange takes place at pairwise markets in a monetary economy with locations. In the economy there are several towns, each of which has pairwise markets characterized by trading posts. At each trading post, taking prices as given, agents submit commodities simultaneously with no resale, as opposed to an instantaneous trading in the Walrasian economy. Commodities can be transported across towns with costs. In this setting, we demonstrate that a trading center emerges in equilibrium if, and only if, heterogeneity in transportation costs among towns is large enough.

Suggested Citation

  • Munetomo Ando & Daisuke Oyama, 2002. "A model of a spatial economy with trading posts," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 18(1), pages 1-11.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-02r10002
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Berliant, Marcus & Konishi, Hideo, 2000. "The endogenous formation of a city: population agglomeration and marketplaces in a location-specific production economy," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 289-324, May.
    2. Starrett, David, 1978. "Market allocations of location choice in a model with free mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 21-37, February.
    3. Green, Edward J. & Zhou, Ruilin, 1998. "A Rudimentary Random-Matching Model with Divisible Money and Prices," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 252-271, August.
    4. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro & Wright, Randall, 1989. "On Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 927-954, August.
    5. Matsui, Akihiko, 1998. "Strong Currency and Weak Currency," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 305-333, December.
    6. Berliant, Marcus & Wang, Ping, 1993. "Endogenous formation of a city without agglomerative externalities or market imperfections : Marketplaces in a regional economy," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 121-144, March.
    7. Konishi, Hideo, 2000. "Formation of Hub Cities: Transportation Cost Advantage and Population Agglomeration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 1-28, July.
    8. Shapley, Lloyd S & Shubik, Martin, 1977. "Trade Using One Commodity as a Means of Payment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(5), pages 937-968, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    concentration in transaction activities.;

    JEL classification:

    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • D0 - Microeconomics - - General

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