A Comparison of Causality Tests Applied to the Bilateral Relationship between Consumption and GDP in the USA and Mexico
This article compares several methodologies for analysing unidirectional and bi-directional causality between Consumption and GDP in the USA, Mexico and other countries during the period 1960-2000. Bilateral causality is analysed comparing Granger´s test, a modified version of Granger´s test here suggested, TSLS, Hausman´s causality test and other approaches. The main conclusion is that the modified version of Granger´s test performs rather well and that Hausman´s test is very often useful for reinforcing the conclusions of multiple equations models with contemporaneous interdependence. Regarding the bilateral relationship between Consumption and GDP we conclude that there is a moderate degree of contemporaneous relation, with a high degree of dependence of Private Consumption on GDP and a lower dependence in the case of the reverse relation, because GDP is more dependent on supply side conditions than on demand side. This result is relevant for economic policies in less developed countries where very often emphasis is made more in the reverse relations than in the main ones.
Volume (Year): 1 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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- Canudas, Rocio, 2001. "Estudio Econometrico de la Influencia del Capital Humano en el Crecimiento de la Productividad Industrial de Mexico, 1960-1993," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(2).