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Estudio Econometrico de la Influencia del Capital Humano en el Crecimiento de la Productividad Industrial de Mexico, 1960-1993

  • Canudas, Rocio
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    La intencion de este trabajo consiste en contribuir al analisis de la aportacion del capital humano al crecimiento de largo plazo del sector industrial mexicano. En el modelo econometrico de corte transversal, las fuentes mas importantes en el crecimiento de la productividad industrial estan determinadas por las condiciones de inicio. Si bien en la estimacion de largo plazo el capital humano presenta un rendimiento velado frente al del fisico, es innegable que la inversion en educacion y salud reditua en crecimiento. Se concluye que en la etapa sustitutiva de importaciones la participacion del capital humano en el crecimiento de la productividad industrial excede a la del fisico. La valoracion en la fase subsiguiente refleja los avatares de la economia mexicana en las dos ultimas decadas y no fue posible encontrar una tendencia clara que defina a este respecto los resultados del nuevo modelo de desarrollo. The main purpose of this article is to analyse the positive influence of human capital on industrial productivity in Mexico. An econometric model is fitted with a cross-section of industries, showing that initial conditions are of great importance for explaining productivity growth. We found also that in the stage of imports substitution the importance of changes in human capital was greater than the influence of changes in physical capital, but the following stage, during the last two decades, does not show a clear trend in this respect due to the changing circumstances of Mexican economy. Although it is difficult sometimes to isolate the effect of human capital the conclusion is that the efforts in improving the educative level of population should follow in order to achieve higher standards of industrial productivity and development.

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    Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:1:y2001:i:2_4
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