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Estudio Econometrico de la Influencia del Capital Humano en el Crecimiento de la Productividad Industrial de Mexico, 1960-1993

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  • Canudas, Rocio

Abstract

La intencion de este trabajo consiste en contribuir al analisis de la aportacion del capital humano al crecimiento de largo plazo del sector industrial mexicano. En el modelo econometrico de corte transversal, las fuentes mas importantes en el crecimiento de la productividad industrial estan determinadas por las condiciones de inicio. Si bien en la estimacion de largo plazo el capital humano presenta un rendimiento velado frente al del fisico, es innegable que la inversion en educacion y salud reditua en crecimiento. Se concluye que en la etapa sustitutiva de importaciones la participacion del capital humano en el crecimiento de la productividad industrial excede a la del fisico. La valoracion en la fase subsiguiente refleja los avatares de la economia mexicana en las dos ultimas decadas y no fue posible encontrar una tendencia clara que defina a este respecto los resultados del nuevo modelo de desarrollo. The main purpose of this article is to analyse the positive influence of human capital on industrial productivity in Mexico. An econometric model is fitted with a cross-section of industries, showing that initial conditions are of great importance for explaining productivity growth. We found also that in the stage of imports substitution the importance of changes in human capital was greater than the influence of changes in physical capital, but the following stage, during the last two decades, does not show a clear trend in this respect due to the changing circumstances of Mexican economy. Although it is difficult sometimes to isolate the effect of human capital the conclusion is that the efforts in improving the educative level of population should follow in order to achieve higher standards of industrial productivity and development.

Suggested Citation

  • Canudas, Rocio, 2001. "Estudio Econometrico de la Influencia del Capital Humano en el Crecimiento de la Productividad Industrial de Mexico, 1960-1993," Estudios Economicos de Desarrollo Internacional, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eedein:v:1:y2001:i:2_4
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    1. Artículos de acceso gratuito sobre desarrollo latinoamericano publicados en la revista EEDI de la Asociación Euro-Americana
      by Euro American Association EAAEDS in Asociación de Estudios Euro-Americanos: Desarrollo internacional de América, Europa y otras áreas on 2009-06-30 20:40:00

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    Cited by:

    1. Guisan, M.Carmen, 2004. "A Comparison of Causality Tests Applied to the Bilateral Relationship between Consumption and GDP in the USA and Mexico," International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 1(1), pages 115-130.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • N66 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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