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Convergence in Electricity Consumption in India: A State Level Analysis


  • Kumar, Surender

    (Department of Business Economics, University of Delhi, India)


Per capita electricity consumption has been considered as one of the most suitable indicator of economic welfare. We study disparity in this variable among Indian states over the period of 1990-91 to 2011-12. We find that Indian states have been experiencing increasing income; the income disparities have been growing among them over the period of time. In the case of electricity consumption we find presence of σ convergence in 1990s and stagnation thereafter. However the presence of β convergence has been observed for both, income and electricity consumption variables. We also find that poorer states experienced high growth rate of electricity consumption in the 2000s as a result of higher income growth in these states.

Suggested Citation

  • Kumar, Surender, 2014. "Convergence in Electricity Consumption in India: A State Level Analysis," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 49(02), pages 173-192.
  • Handle: RePEc:dse:indecr:0089

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    More about this item


    Convergence; Electricity Consumption; Per Capita Income; State; India;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth


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