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Erwerbsminderungsrentner: sinkende Leistungen und wachsende Einkommensunterschiede im Alter


  • Peter Krause
  • Ulrike Ehrlich
  • Katja Möhring


According to the Deutsche Rentenversicherung (German statutory pension insurance scheme), since the mid-1990s, the number of people claiming a reduced earnings capacity pension has plummeted. However, 2005-2010 saw a slight rise. Since 2001, the actual level of reduced earning capacity payments has also fallen. Consequently, the financial security of recipients has, once again, become the focus of socio-political debate. SOEP data confirm the income risks that those claiming reduced earnings capacity pensions will increasingly be subject to in the long term. In the period from 2001-2011, on average, one-quarter of all recipients were living in income poverty. Moreover, analyses using data from the SOEP longitudinal study also indicate increasingly negative income disparities among recipients of reduced earnings capacity pension once they have reached the statutory retirement age. Die Zahl der Zugänge in die Erwerbsminderungsrente ist nach Angaben der Deutschen Rentenversicherung seit den 90er Jahren stark gesunken. In den Jahren 2005 bis 2010 erfolgte ein leichter Wiederanstieg. Seit 2001 haben sich auch die Zahlbeträge bei den Zugängen zur Erwerbsminderungsrente verringert. Damit ist die materielle Absicherung bei Erwerbsminderung wieder in den Blickpunkt der sozialpolitischen Diskussion gerückt. Die Daten der Längsschnittstudie Sozio-oekonomisches Panel (SOEP) bestätigen die langfristig zunehmenden Einkommensrisiken bei Erwerbsminderungsrentnern. Im Mittel lebten im Zeitraum von 2001 bis 2011 ein Viertel aller Bezieher einer Erwerbsminderungsrente in Einkommensarmut. Zudem weisen die Analysen zu den relativen Einkommenspositionen der Bezieher einer Erwerbsminderungsrente darauf hin, dass dieser Personenkreis nach Erreichen der Regelaltersgrenze im Durchschnitt ein geringeres Haushaltseinkommen aufweist als die übrigen Rentner und dass diese Differenz im Zeitverlauf wächst.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Krause & Ulrike Ehrlich & Katja Möhring, 2013. "Erwerbsminderungsrentner: sinkende Leistungen und wachsende Einkommensunterschiede im Alter," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(24), pages 3-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:80-24-1

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    Cited by:

    1. Richard V. Burkhauser & Mary C. Daly & Nicolas R. Ziebarth, 2016. "Protecting working-age people with disabilities: experiences of four industrialized nations [Absicherung von Personen mit Erwerbsminderung: Erfahrungen aus vier Industrieländern]," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 49(4), pages 367-386, December.

    More about this item


    Reduced earnings capacity; health; income; pension benefits;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy


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